Category Archives: B. Praise worthy morals

The good moral characteristics that are to be developed within one’s self

Tip for acquiring humility

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Replying to a seeker’s inquiries about treatment of arrogance Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah mercy on him) said,

‘In the end I mention a protracted regimen for treatment (of arrogance). The other ones mentioned (earlier) are time limited (to the moment when the thought of arrogance comes to mind). Due to this reason their effect is not ingrained (in one’s morals). Except in rare cases.

The novice needs this treatment regimen for a protracted period of time. Until humility is well ingrained (in his morals).

It is to deliberately adopt the culture, style and conduct of the less privileged individuals (of the society).

However, be careful not to adopt the lowest level of these things in order to avoid becoming famous for (extreme) humility.’

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume 3, page 110.

Suspicion of arrogance

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A seeker wrote, ‘An individual was prescribed by you, as treatment of arrogance (kibr), to announce in the mosque after every salah that I have the (spiritual) illness of arrogance, please, all of you make supplication (dua) that I am cured of this disease.

On this a thought came to my mind, that is, what would I do if I am asked to do this?

Reflecting on it neither do I find the courage to do so nor does my mind accept this happily. This displays that maybe I suffer from arrogance. At other times thought comes to mind that this is due to modesty (hiya).

Sir, I request you that if this is due to arrogance than, please, prescribe a treatment for it. It will be be a generous gift indeed.’

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) replied,

‘Having the thought of this possibility (of arrogance in one’s self) is proof of fear (of Allah’s displeasure).

Congratulation!

For the diagnosis of arrogance this symptom alone is not sufficient. As this reluctance maybe sometimes due to the absence of illness itself and hence no need for treatment.

Sometimes arrogance is also the cause of this. There are two criteria for this (differentiation).

Firstly, are there any other signs and symptoms (of arrogance) present?

Secondly, even on possibility (of arrogance) if the spiritual mentor prescribes this form of treatment should it be followed or not, even if one finds natural repugnance to it? (The scenario is) Similar to the repugnance of a bad tasting medicine. If the patient desires a cure and has trust in the physician he will follow it.’

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume 3, page 112

Shyness and humility

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A seeker wrote, ‘Is it fine not to do the acts of notoriety due to shyness (hiya)? Especially, if a senior orders, like wearing a cloak (bisht) on Eid. My father and aunt force me to do so and become upset (if I do not). Whereas, for me due to shyness this is burdensome. I can not raise my eyes (if I do this).

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) relied,
‘Leave them when there is constriction in the heart (qalb).
If seniors order then excuse yourself politely.
If they insist then act as they say. It will be a spiritual struggle (mujahida).

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Seeker continued, ‘Should the wearing of a turban, especially on Jumma and Eid be abandoned due to shyness? Now I do find the courage to give preference to shyness and abandon a Sunna.

Hakim al Umma (Allah have mercy on him) replied,
‘This is not a a intended (maqsuda) Sunna.
When on the other hand is Sunna of humility (tawadhu). Some of its (humility’s) components are obligatory (wajib). Therefore, the quality of being intended (maqsudiyet) is more in humility then in wearing a turban.’

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume 3, page 103

Dealing with absurd stuff

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An individual from another city had reserved an appointment to meet sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mohammad Taqi Usmani ( Allah preserve him).

After the initial greetings the Shaikh inquired him regarding the purpose of the visit.
The gentlemen replied that a crucial, overwhelming and repeated thought was the reason. ‘That is, the crisis of lack of electricity in the country does not need an elaboration. I am getting this idea of creating electricity by the rotation of the Earth. You are aware that Earth is rotating approximately 1,6000 km/hr. This is not a useless movement. Allah has done this for a reason. The idea of harnessing this energy to make electricity is coming to me repeatedly. I have discussed this with many individuals. I was told to approach you in this regards. I am seeking your assistance in this.’

Without a faintest change in his demeanor, Shaikh inquired,
‘Do you have a strategy on how this can be done?’

The gentlemen replied,
‘No!
Actually it is this very reason to come to you. Please guide me. How can I do this?’

Still, without any signs of anger or frustration Shaikh replied,
‘Pray salatul hajat and make dua. It is from the teachings of the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace) to do so when faced with a dilemma.

Is there any things else to discuss, as I have other things to attend now?’

The gentlemen requested for dua and left.
Even after his departure Shaikh did not comment on the absurd question put to him and became busy with his work.

Office, Darul uloom Karachi, January 2014.

Taqwa leads to increasing love of spouse

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A seeker wrote, ‘Please, inform me whatever is most beneficial for myself. For a while now,  my love for my wife has increased much. Is this something detrimental for me (in my path (sulook)?

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) replied,

‘This is in exact accordance to the Prophet’s way (Sunna) (Allah bless him and give him peace).

May Allah bestow the blessed fruits of this on you two.

The increased awareness of accountability to Allah (taqwa) leads to increasing love of one’s wife.’

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume 1, page 552

Legacy

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4. My legacy (wasiyyat) for myself, family members, and close associates is that every moment of one’s life should be sacrificed in pleasing Allah. One should not displease Allah for a single moment by indulging in any form of impermissible (haram) activity. If a mistake is committed, then one should please Allah by repenting, seeking forgiveness and crying in front of Allah.

5. Always remain in the company of the pious, and keep yourself under the guidance of a Sheikh with whom you have congeniality (munasbet).

6. Adopt extreme piety in financial matters. Always refer to the scholars (Muftis) in issues pertaining to the (questionable) rulings of Shariah.

Wasiyyat of Hazrat rehmatullah aleh

Pledge of allegiance

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Sayyedina Walid bin Abbad bin Samat (Allah be pleased with him) said,

‘I pledged allegiance to the Prophet of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), swearing:

To pay attention to whatever he said; and to carry out whatever he commanded, whether it be difficult or easy, bearing grief or bringing comfort.

If somebody says something that should be contradicted , I will not contest against him.

In all circumstances I shall speak the truth and I will not be afraid of anyone who blames me for something.’

A Mine of Meaning, page 182

Who is a disciple?

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Shaikh Sharafuddin Yahya al Maneri (Allah have mercy on him) said,

‘A disciple is a person who submits himself to his guide in word, deed, heart and body.’

He went on to explain:
” ‘In words’ means that his speech is in conformity with what his guide says regarding the essential principles and derived teaching of religion.

‘In deeds’ means that he does nothing, whether in a religious or worldly matter, contrary to what has been sanctioned by his guide, even if it be an act of devotion!

‘In heart’ means keeping his heart unstained by any blameworthy quality, just as his guide does.

‘In body’ means keeping his senses and bodily members pure and without any stain of sin, just as his guide has done.

When he has conformed himself in all these ways, then he can be called a disciple.”

A Mine of Meaning (Ma’din ul-Ma’ani), page 165

Summum bonum

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Shaikh Ma’ruf al Karkhi (Allah have mercy on him) said,

‘When Allah decides the highest good for an individual the door to performance of virtuous deeds are opened and the doors for argumentation are shut closed for him.’

Manaqib wa Ahwal Shaikh Ma’ruf Karkhi rehmatullah aleh, Ibne Jawzi Ra, page 111

The objective

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A seeker wrote: These days due to the illness of my wife, being busy with taking care of her and because of the the disruption of the household affairs most of the (routine virtuous) actions (wird) are missed. Only prayers (salah) is done. In this situation a thought troubles me that why did this happen to me and my routine works have been disrupted? This is adding to my distress.

Hakim al Umma Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanawi (Allah have mercy on him) replied,
‘There is no reason to be distressed.
The real objective is the reward (thawab). Allah bestows this sometimes via (voluntary virtuous) actions and on other occasions through hardships and sufferings. (Thus) the objective is achieved in both the situations.’

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume 3, page 57

Celebrate

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Sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve him) instructed,

‘Keep the book ‘Uswa e Rasool e Akram sallaho alehey wasalam‘ that contains the Sunnah practices, in front of yourself (that is, read it meticulously).

Study each and every Sunnah and in cooperate it into your daily life.

After doing so, in-sha-Allah, you will notice the radiance (nur) of these Sunnah actions.

Then your every day and moment will be an occasion celebrating the life of Prophet (Allah bless him and give him peace).

May Allah facilitate the following of Sunnah for me and all of you. Amin!’

Seeratun Nabi sallaho alehey wasalam aur hamari zindagi, al Balagh 3/1435, page 19

The rights of Prophethood

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Qadhi Mohammad Zahid al Hussaini (Allah have mercy on him) said,
‘There are six rights from the rights of Prophethood that are so lofty, superior and essential that without their acknowledgement faith in Prophethood can not be ascertained.’

Below is a summary of them,
1. The Prophethood is eternal
2. The perfections and ranks of Prophethood are bestowed by Allah
3. All of the sayings and states of our Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) portray the faculty of Prophethood
4. Our Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) is the leader (Imam) of all the Prophets
5. The (appropriate) etiquettes and (extreme) reverence of our Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) should be from the depths of one’s heart
6. The love of our Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) must be more than we love our own life, wealth and everything else.

Rehmat e kaiynat sallaho alehey wasalam, pages 356 – 373

#2: Turn to Allah

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Sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah bless him with a long, healthy and productive life, Amin!) continued,

The second thing is to be vigilant in turning to Allah (asking for assistance) all the time. That is, while walking or being busy in something or resting, in short whenever there is any need one should turn towards Allah and ask for assistance. One has to develop this habit.

For example, right now when we depart the masjid we should ask Allah for an appropriate ride. Once in the ride we should ask Allah that we reach our destination safely without any traffic problems. If feeling hot we should ask Allah to alleviate it. If feeling cold we should ask Allah to provide warmth. On entering our home we should ask Allah that we find all the family members safe and sound. In summary we should persist in turning towards Allah asking for assistance in all our activities.

Be vigilant in being thankful to Allah for all the blessings you have, however, small they might be. Repeat it verbally, ‘all praise is for Allah’ (Alhumdulillah).

If one does these things then every moment of his time is accounted as being in the remembrance of Allah.
May Allah facilitate this for all of us by His mercy and benevolence. Amin!

Attending Fiqh Academy session, Riyadh, KSA after Friday prayers, 11/22/2013