Category Archives: F. Zikir & fikr

Remembrance, comtemplation and spiritual excersises

Vacation: How to spend it?

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One of our readers, a graduate student, asked,

How should an individual spend his Ramadan and summer vacations ???

1) Going with Tabligi Jammat for 10-15 days

2) Performing eitakaf (seclusion in mosque for the last 10 days of Ramadhan)

3) Studying the translation and tasfir of Quran e Kareem from a scholar

4) Going to a khanqah to learn how to do remembrance of Allah (dhikr)

5) Get training of Jihad in order to be prepared if a need arises.

6) Not going anywhere. The student gives full attention to his studies. He stays at home and does whatever good deeds that are possible for him

Waiting patiently for your answer … as I am so confused regarding these things

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The following (edited) response is being shared with intention that it will, inshaAllah, benefits others.

Please, remember that each and every  person is an individual with his unique state of mind, preferneces, working stlyle, emotions, ancestral-cultural-regional-religious heritage, intellectual-educational-experiential aptitude, involvements, duties, obligations, expectations from family etc etc. Therefore, no single activity from the ones you mentioned can suit all. It is for this reason it is recommended to consult an older, experienced and pious person who knows about you in detail to recommend what is best for you.

I am not aware of your present condition in detail so it will be very difficult for me to recommend anything specific. However, I will mention the pros and cons of each and then you can decide.

1) Going with Tabligi Jammat for 10-15 days

This is the best way for individuals who are very new to deen, un- or moderately educated, living in areas without access to scholars and sufi masters.

2) Performing eitakaf

This is for moderate and advanced seekers. These are individual who have disciplined themselves to an extent and can manage their time effectively and benefit from the solitude. Otherwise people just hang around wasting time.

3) Studying the translation and tasfir of Quran e Kareem from a scholar

More important than this is the basic knowledge of aqaid and everyday fiqh. Beliefs and rulings regarding the correct way of offering our worship. Equally important is tajweed of Quran e kareem. That is reading Quran e kareem with the correct pronunciation. It is the Kalam of Allah, it has to be recited in the way it was revealed. Sadly 99% of Pakistani Muslims read it in Urdu. This is a major sin.

A person who has done these three basic things (aqaid, fiqh & tajweed) then he/she can proceed to study of Quran e kareem’s translation and Hadith sahreef.

4) Going to a khanqah to learn how to do remembrance of Allah (dhikr)

This is a misconception. Khanqah are like inpatient medical facilities where those with spiritiual sickness come for treatment. Zikr in specific ways may be a part of the treatment plan. But it is not the sole objective of staying there.

One has to make sure that it is a genuine khanqah. Not a dargah, where saint or grave worship is done. Also, the Shaykh must be competent spiritual physician and not a hereditary parasite trading in the name of his pious ancestors. And the patient himself must be aware of how to seek and follow instructions given to him.

5) Get training of Jihad in order to be prepared if a need arises.

This is the biggest fitna of our era. A major distraction for the youth.

Without jihad e akbar, that is rectifying your inner morals/ikhlaq, jihad e asghar (physical combat) can never be effective.

In the whole Makkan period of the life of our master Prophet Mohammed (Allah bless him and grant him peace) there was no order of physical jihad. Only spiritual struggle was required.

Also, most of the contemporary jihadi groups are with dubious ‘aqaid, fiqh following & politico-economic affiliations.

It is best to avoid all contact with them.

6) Not going anywhere. The student gives full attention to his studies. He stays at home and does whatever good deeds that are possible for him

This is is the best option. Provided that you use your time effectively and do not waste it, especially on internet, TV, and other impermissible (haram) activities.

Such a person should remain in contact with a spiritual mentor and get advice from him regarding how to spend his time.

was salam

Daily recitations: way to progress 

  
We have to remind ourself that consistency of daily ma’molaat (wird) is the way to spiritual progress.

Being lax in performing them usually results in deterioration. 

At any given moment there is either increase or decrease in one’s spirituality. There is no steady or stationary state that one may become content with. No just hanging around!

The pious masters of the path have said that death is better for a salik who is not progressing.

Memento mori

Remember (that you have) to die!

 
Reciting the above supplication 25 times daily (obviously with understanding and contemplating on the meanings) will make one die as a shaheed (martyr). Insha Allah

Ahkam e maiyet  by ‘Arif-billah Dr. Abdul Hayy ‘Arifi (Allah have mercy on him)

Salikeen are encouraged to include it into their daily recitations (wird). Moreover, it will also fulfill the Prophetic injunction to remember death excessively.  A panacea to our worldly engrossment.

Dhikullah: various forms

subhan-allah-alhamdu-lillah-allahu-akbar

A seeker wrote,

All praise is for Allah. I am (regularly) reciting the five tasbihat instructed by you after Fajr salah. I want to do some dhikr  (remembrance of Allah) also.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah protect and preserve him) replied,

‘Those tasbihat are also (a form of) dhikr.

However, if you have time available (in your daily schedule) then start dowazdah tasbih in low audible voice. If you are not aware of its method then (come and) learn it verbally.’

Islahi Khatoot

Quran: daily recitation 

 
A seeker wrote in his monthly islahi correspondence,

The daily routine for  recitation  of one juz of Quran can not be completed (these days). Only half or three quarters is read. Moreover, when this is also not possible I recite Surah al Ikhlas hundred times.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah protect and preserve him) replied,

‘This is also sufficient. All praise is for Allah that the daily routine is being carried out with consistency.’

Islahi Khatoot

Dhikr in salah

A seeker wrote,

In salah that are offered silently (in congregation) previously I used to recite Surah al Fatiha  in my mind to maintain concentration. However, now I do not find this interesting and want to do the dhikr Allah Allah in my mind. Is this appropriate?

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah protect and preserve him) replied,

‘No.

Contemplating about Surah al Fatiha is more appropriate.

However, (it is okay) if the dhikr Allah Allah flows out (in your mind) without your control (ikhteyar).’

Islahi Khatoot

Dua after salah

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A seeker wrote,

‘I find supplications (dua) uninteresting while raising the hands after salah. I usually make a very brief dua and finish it hurriedly.’

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve him) replied.

“This is also a (spiritual) state.

However, at least after one of the salah, in spite of being uninterested, make it a habit of supplicating properly.

If you are distracted then force yourself to do so. In any case supplicate for a period of time and then finish.

Moreover, if you schedule in advance that after one of the five salah you will supplicate for your family, after another for friends, etc. etc. then it is hoped that you will find making dua interesting.”

Islahi khutoot

Observations

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A seeker who is a medical student spent few days of his winter break with another senior seeker. After returning home he reported the following observations,

1. Time for going to mosque should be fixed and strictly followed. All preparations and wudhu should be done in advance.

2. Tongue should always be busy in remembrance (zikr) of Allah.

3. Studies have priority over all that is nafil e.g. reading religious books etc.

4. One should be good at whatever he does. Principles should be followed and one should be organized.

5. What we have to take from the Akabir and Mashaeikh is their ‘Deeni Mizaaj‘.

6. Reading the biographies of Akabir is very beneficial in getting this mizzaj e.g. Ashraf us Sawaneh

7. One should be a ‘Banda‘ (slave) of Allah SWT,. Be thankful to Allah on whatever one achieves and does not expect perfection.

Danish-e-Hassaan

May Allah make it beneficial for all of us. Amin!

Recite durood

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Arifbillah Dr Abdul Hayy Arifi (Allah have mercy on him) said,

‘While reciting the blessed salutation (durood) keep this intention refreshed in your mind that Allah bestowed this method (durood) so we can develop a relationship with the Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace). Allah Himself is its medium. This is a huge blessing for which we must be excessively thankful.

Reciting durood with this intention will develop the love of Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace) (in us). Moreover, Allah will love us. This is because Allah loves this action and He has commanded us to do so.’

Al Balagh Arifi ra number, page 540

Fasts in al-Muharram

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The blessed Companion Hazrat Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that he (the Messenger of Allah – Allah bless him and grant him peace) was asked as to which prayer was most excellent after the prescribed prayer, and which fast was most excellent after the month of Ramadan. He said:
“The most excellent fast after Ramadan is God’s month. al-Muharram, and the most excellent prayer after what is prescribed is prayer during the night.”

Sahih Muslim