Category Archives: T. Tarbiyet

Contains principle and guidelines on training and disciplining of the morals (ikhlaq) of murid

Essential for Tasawwuf

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani ( Allah preserve & protect him) advised:

“Two things are necessary in Tareeq (Tasawwuf):

1. Ikhlas (sincerity)

2. Mudawamat (regularity)

Mudawamat (regularity) is effective by itself. There is no alternative to being regular in one’s daily  ma’moolat (recitations, prayers, recitation of Quran, etc.) except by forcing oneself.

Our respected teacher Maulana Rasheed Ahmad used to quote from Maulana Khair Muhammad (May Allah’s mercy be upon them both):

“The excuse that I am not regular in my ma’moolat because of being busy is a sign of lack of importance given to the ma’moolat.”

It means you did not include your ma’moolat in the list of things which keep you busy.”

 

Intekhab e Kaiseri, Ramadan 1440

Tariqah

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,

Ṭarīqah is part of Sharīʿah.

My Shaykh’s Shaykh Ḥakīm al-Ummah Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī Thānawī (d. 1362/1943) revived taṣawwuf and purified it from many innovations that had crept into it. He also prescribed an easy solution for people nowadays who are unable to undertake the sacrifices undertaken by the saints of the past. He prescribed two easy things to keep a firm relationship with Allah Almighty. The first is making abundant Shukr (gratitude) and the second is making abundant supplications.

The first half of Sūrah al-Fātiḥah indicates upon the first whilst the second half indicates upon the second. Hold on to the maʾthūr (transmitted/Sunnah) supplications and establish a firm relationship with Allah. This is an easy prescription.”

Source: Seven days in Bukhara & Samarqand

Piety of Imam Bukhari

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) explains that the reason for Imam Bukhārī’s (Allah have mercy on him) success is not his profound knowledge alone, rather his piety and abstinence are central to this. He performed at least 14,000 rakʿat Ṣalāh whilst authoring his Ṣāḥīḥ. Acceptance is from Allah Almighty. The congregation is advised to keep this third point in mind when studying the Ṣaḥīḥ.

Source: Seven Days in Bukhara and Samarkand

Knowledge without actions is useless

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said, “Knowledge on its own does not benefit. My father Mufti Muḥammad Shafīʿ [Allah have mercy on him, d. 1396/1976] would say, ‘if knowledge was the criterion for a person’s virtue, then Satan was the most knowledgeable, however, his knowledge did not benefit him, because he disobeyed Allah.’

Therefore, knowledge alone is not in itself the primary objective. The primary objective is the obedience of Allah and his Messengers (i.e. acting as the knowledge states).

Source: Seven Days in Bukhara and Samarqand

Recitation of Holy Quran & experiencing pleasures

 

A student asks regarding the lack of experiencing ḥalāwat (sweetness) when reciting the Qurʾān.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) advises to continue with the recitation, as experiencing sweetness is in itself not an objective, the objective is to please Allah Almighty. If sweetness is experienced then it is welcome, otherwise, it should not deter a person from continuing to recite.

Source: Seven Days in Bukhara and Samarkand

Rights of Shaykh

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Allah have mercy on him) once mentioned:

When a person takes someone as his Shaykh or religious guide, then in order for him to benefit from the Shaykh, he will have to fulfil three essential requirements. These three requirements are among the rights which he owes to the Shaykh and should be borne in mind at all times. These requirements are:

  • He should have faith (I’tiqaad) in him i.e. he should have love and respect for him and accept him to be a pious, rightly guided person who follows the sunnah.
  • He should have trust (I’timaad) in him i.e. he should have confidence in the guidance and knowledge he imparts and regard him capable of guiding him correctly in Deeni matters.
  • He should submit (Inqiyaad) to him i.e. he should follow the advices and teachings of the Shaykh diligently with complete commitment and dedication.

(Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 23/77)

Source:ihyaauddeen.co.za

ECCMID2019, Amsterdam, NL

Instructions for the Seeker 4

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,

‘Neither have conviction about, nor associate with a person who appears to be a Sufi but contravenes Sharia (laws). This is irrespective of his having unveiling (kashaf) or miraculous incidents (karamat).

However, do not criticize anyone without a genuine reason.’

Ta’leem ut Talib, #9, p23

Instructions for the Seeker 2

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,

‘If Satan creates a doubt in any of the beliefs (aqaid) recite لا حول ولا قوہ الا باللہ and push it away. Do not pursue it excessively.

If it does not go away then mention it to a Sufi-scholar. Even if his reply doesn’t provide any relief then tell yourself that I accept it without any proof. By doing so Satan becomes completely incapable (of misleading) and runs away.’

Ta’leem ut Talib, #5, p22-3

Instructions for the Seeker 1

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,

‘In writings or sayings of some pious sages there appear to be things that are contrary to the teachings of Sharia. Keep your beliefs (aqida) as per Sharia. However, do not consider those pious sages to be wrongful. Presume that I cannot understand its (true) meanings.’

Ta’leem ut Talib, #4, p22

Order of actions in islah

  1. The correct intention and determination to follow the path as described in the book Qas-us-sabeel

2. Repentance from all previous sinful activities

3. Completion of repentance. That is, compensating (qaza) the lapsed essential (fardh) and recommendable (wajibaat).

4. Steadfastness in essential (fardh), recommendable (wajibaat) and Sunna action from now onwards

5. Abandonment of all that is useless and sinful

6. Adopting a daily routine of extra good actions (wird) as instructed by the Shaikh. They include,

a. Excessive remembrance of Allah (dhikr)

b. Muraqaba and/ashgal

c. Tilawet

d. Dua

7. Rectifying the blameworthy morals traits by consulting the Shaikh regularly

It is essential to follow this order.

Haphazard activities usually results in waste of time and effort.

May Allah facilitate it for all of us. Ameen!

Definition of useless speech

A seeker inquired regarding the criteria for ascertaining what speech is useless.

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) replied,

‘This is an issue that requires mental reasoning (ijtihad).

Access mentally that if I do not say this thing is it going to harm me or another in religious or worldly matters to any extent (tiny or big).

If it is then say it. Otherwise don’t.

This is the criteria, especially in the beginning. ‘

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume 3, page 185

Intention when reminding others

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) inquired from one of his mojaz regarding the weekly majalis (gatherings of mutual reminding).

In response to the update provided he said,

‘They should be done with the intention of your own self-reformation (islah). ‘

Millennium Hotel, Makkah e mukarramah. After esha. 9th January 2019

The Divine Grace

A seeker requested further elaboration of the Allah’s fazal mentioned in the previous post.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,

‘It means facilitation (taufeeq) of and persistence on good deeds, attainment of Allah’s pleasure and His acceptance. ‘

Masjid al Haraam, Makkah e mukarramah. Prior to exiting Bab 89. After esah. 9th January 2019

Exhausted seeker

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said in reply to the complaint of a seeker feeling dejected,

‘Dear brother, keep up with your daily (good) activities irrespective of feeling any spiritual results or affects. These activities themselves are the goal.

In Urdu verses I have conveyed this

قدم ہیں راہ الفت میں تو منزل کی ہوس کیسی

یہاں تو عین منزل ہے تھکن سے چُور ہوجانا

(When traveling on the path of love why lust for the destination,

Here exhaustion from tiredness is the destination itself).

One who continues to work diligently is eventually bestowed with Divinely grace (Allah’s fazal). ‘

As Salaam Holiday Inn, Jeddah, 7/1/2019, after esha

Islahi correspondence

In reply to a question regarding islahi correspondence Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,

There is always a big pile of islahi letters. I reply to all, however, it may be delayed sometimes.

Prior to this travel I cleared all the back log. But next day there was a another collection piling up.

I don’t accept new request for islahi relationship anymore.

I look forward to the islahi letters from my close friends (Shaikh always uses this term for murideen and those who have islahi relationship with him).

Jeddah, as Salaam Holiday Inn, after esha, 7/1/2019