Teachings of Hakim al-Umma Mawlana Ashraf 'Ali Thanawi & his spiritual successors, particularly 'Arifbillah Dr 'Abdul Hayy 'Arifi (may Allah bless them) and Sayyidi Mawlana Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (may Allah preserve him) regarding Tasawwuf
It was learnt that Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him gave Ijazat-e-Baiyah to Hazrat Maulana Mufti Nur Muhammad Sahab (Allah protect him) of Burma (Myanmar).
Someone had asked Hazrat Maulana last year as to whether Hazrat had given him Ijazat-e-Baiyah. Hazrat Maulana replied: “No no. I still have a long way to go for my Islah (moral reformation).”
For those staying in Burma, Hazrat Maulana Nur Muhammad Sahab (DB) conducts an Islahi Majlis at:
Venue: Punjabi Jame Masjid, Street Number 37, Yangon, Myanmar
Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,
Ṭarīqah is part of Sharīʿah.
My Shaykh’s Shaykh Ḥakīm al-Ummah Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī Thānawī (d. 1362/1943) revived taṣawwuf and purified it from many innovations that had crept into it. He also prescribed an easy solution for people nowadays who are unable to undertake the sacrifices undertaken by the saints of the past. He prescribed two easy things to keep a firm relationship with Allah Almighty. The first is making abundant Shukr (gratitude) and the second is making abundant supplications.
The first half of Sūrah al-Fātiḥah indicates upon the first whilst the second half indicates upon the second. Hold on to the maʾthūr (transmitted/Sunnah) supplications and establish a firm relationship with Allah. This is an easy prescription.”
Sayyidiwa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allahpreserve & protect him) said, “Knowledge on its own does not benefit. My father Mufti Muḥammad Shafīʿ [Allah have mercy on him, d. 1396/1976] would say, ‘if knowledge was the criterion for a person’s virtue, then Satan was the most knowledgeable, however, his knowledge did not benefit him, because he disobeyed Allah.’
Therefore, knowledge alone is not in itself the primary objective. The primary objective is the obedience of Allah and his Messengers (i.e. acting as the knowledge states).
Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Allahhave mercy on him) once mentioned:
When a person takes someone as his Shaykh or religious guide, then in order for him to benefit from the Shaykh, he will have to fulfil three essential requirements. These three requirements are among the rights which he owes to the Shaykh and should be borne in mind at all times. These requirements are:
He should have faith (I’tiqaad) in him i.e. he should have love and respect for him and accept him to be a pious, rightly guided person who follows the sunnah.
He should have trust (I’timaad) in him i.e. he should have confidence in the guidance and knowledge he imparts and regard him capable of guiding him correctly in Deeni matters.
He should submit (Inqiyaad) to him i.e. he should follow the advices and teachings of the Shaykh diligently with complete commitment and dedication.
A close seeker arranged for a dinner without prior consultation and invited Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him).
Hakim al Umma reprimanded him for acting against the principles (for inviting a guest) by doing all the arrangements without approval. Moreover, he excused himself for the following reason.
The Shaykh said,
My household situation is (now) delicate (after the second marriage). This week it is the turn to eat at my other wife’s place. So far due to travels and invitations I have not been able to eat there even once. Today I had the intention to explain this situation to her (and try to get a approval) ,however, I was afraid that this might be attributed to neglect. As I expected, before I could say something she complained that all the travelings and eating invitations happens only during her turn.
The Shaykh added, These are the ways females (usually) act. I have made a intention to listen to whatever is said (and not reply). I do not want to respond back according to rules and regulations. I desire not to break anyone’s heart or cause them anguish.
Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,
‘In writings or sayings of some pious sages there appear to be things that are contrary to the teachings of Sharia. Keep your beliefs (aqida) as per Sharia. However, do not consider those pious sages to be wrongful. Presume that I cannot understand its (true) meanings.’