Category Archives: A. Reality of Tasawwuf

The nature, definition, goals and principles of Tasawwuf

Rights of Shaykh

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Allah have mercy on him) once mentioned:

When a person takes someone as his Shaykh or religious guide, then in order for him to benefit from the Shaykh, he will have to fulfil three essential requirements. These three requirements are among the rights which he owes to the Shaykh and should be borne in mind at all times. These requirements are:

  • He should have faith (I’tiqaad) in him i.e. he should have love and respect for him and accept him to be a pious, rightly guided person who follows the sunnah.
  • He should have trust (I’timaad) in him i.e. he should have confidence in the guidance and knowledge he imparts and regard him capable of guiding him correctly in Deeni matters.
  • He should submit (Inqiyaad) to him i.e. he should follow the advices and teachings of the Shaykh diligently with complete commitment and dedication.

(Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 23/77)

Source:ihyaauddeen.co.za

ECCMID2019, Amsterdam, NL

Instructions for the Seeker 4

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,

‘Neither have conviction about, nor associate with a person who appears to be a Sufi but contravenes Sharia (laws). This is irrespective of his having unveiling (kashaf) or miraculous incidents (karamat).

However, do not criticize anyone without a genuine reason.’

Ta’leem ut Talib, #9, p23

Order of actions in islah

  1. The correct intention and determination to follow the path as described in the book Qas-us-sabeel

2. Repentance from all previous sinful activities

3. Completion of repentance. That is, compensating (qaza) the lapsed essential (fardh) and recommendable (wajibaat).

4. Steadfastness in essential (fardh), recommendable (wajibaat) and Sunna action from now onwards

5. Abandonment of all that is useless and sinful

6. Adopting a daily routine of extra good actions (wird) as instructed by the Shaikh. They include,

a. Excessive remembrance of Allah (dhikr)

b. Muraqaba and/ashgal

c. Tilawet

d. Dua

7. Rectifying the blameworthy morals traits by consulting the Shaikh regularly

It is essential to follow this order.

Haphazard activities usually results in waste of time and effort.

May Allah facilitate it for all of us. Ameen!

The Divine Grace

A seeker requested further elaboration of the Allah’s fazal mentioned in the previous post.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,

‘It means facilitation (taufeeq) of and persistence on good deeds, attainment of Allah’s pleasure and His acceptance. ‘

Masjid al Haraam, Makkah e mukarramah. Prior to exiting Bab 89. After esah. 9th January 2019

Exhausted seeker

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said in reply to the complaint of a seeker feeling dejected,

‘Dear brother, keep up with your daily (good) activities irrespective of feeling any spiritual results or affects. These activities themselves are the goal.

In Urdu verses I have conveyed this

قدم ہیں راہ الفت میں تو منزل کی ہوس کیسی

یہاں تو عین منزل ہے تھکن سے چُور ہوجانا

(When traveling on the path of love why lust for the destination,

Here exhaustion from tiredness is the destination itself).

One who continues to work diligently is eventually bestowed with Divinely grace (Allah’s fazal). ‘

As Salaam Holiday Inn, Jeddah, 7/1/2019, after esha

Islahi correspondence

In reply to a question regarding islahi correspondence Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,

There is always a big pile of islahi letters. I reply to all, however, it may be delayed sometimes.

Prior to this travel I cleared all the back log. But next day there was a another collection piling up.

I don’t accept new request for islahi relationship anymore.

I look forward to the islahi letters from my close friends (Shaikh always uses this term for murideen and those who have islahi relationship with him).

Jeddah, as Salaam Holiday Inn, after esha, 7/1/2019

Essence of the path

Hakim al Umma Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Allah have mercy on him) once mentioned:

The purpose of self-reformation is to acquire the pleasure of Allah. In order for one to gain self-reformation, one requires two things; knowledge of the path and correct application of this knowledge. Self-reformation will be obtained through one adhering to the laws of Shariah in accordance to the Sunnah, regardless of whether the laws pertain to our external actions or internal.

In acquiring self-reformation, there are two things that will assist one greatly; remaining in zikr at all times, and remaining in the company of the pious servants of Allah as much as one is able to. If it is difficult for one to remain in the company of the pious all the time, then the substitute is for one to study the lives of our pious predecessors and their advices.

One should refrain from two things as they are the cause of impeding one’s progress; falling into sins and becoming involved in futile activities.

Together with the above, one will only be able to derive full benefit if one regularly reports his condition to his spiritual guide and sheikh (person under whose supervision he is carrying out his self-reformation).

After adopting the necessary procedures in self-reformation, each person will progress and receive blessings from Allah in accordance to his capacity and the level of commitment and dedication he shows. This is the essence of the path of self-reformation.

(Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 23/56)

Via:Ihyauddeen.co.za

Extremism in veneration of Shaykh

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (قدس سرہ) said,

Their is extreme exaggeration in the belief of the ignorants regarding (the veneration of) their Spiritual mentors (Shaykh/pir).

Even those with knowledge are not free from exaggeration, though they don’t consider their Shaykh to be equivalent to God but they have exaggeration in terms of unveiling (Kashf), for example they believe that when the Shaykh is attentive towards the hidden he can find out matters (which are hidden). May Allah Ta’ala save us from this deadly misguidance.

The second manifestation and form of this exaggeration is in consulting the Shaykh in worldly matters.

It took (me) a long time to understand this issue. They believe that whatever the Shaykh says will surely bring success.

Some make interpretation that whatever is uttered will have blessings (“Barakah”) in it.

Whereas, blessing are (actually) in making supplications (Dua), so why don’t they suffice on (requesting for) Dua.

Is this the true meaning of blessings?

Failure can also be a form of it.

Husnul-Azeez Volume 1/Part 2 (Page 139)

Pious company: How much?

A question was put forward regarding the optimal duration of keeping company (suhba) of Shaikh.

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanawi (Allah have mercy on him) replied,

‘The optimal duration of this association is until the reality of the path (tareeq) is clearly understood. Once this is happens and a congeniality is developed with this path it is no more necessary. ‘

Husn al Aziz, vol 1, part 2, p 118

Tip for success

Shaikh Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (Allah have mercy on him) once advised a person:

In order for you to acquire focus and remain composed at all times, it will be necessary for you to make a timetable, allocating time for each responsibility. Thereafter, if you adhere strictly to your timetable, you will be able to easily complete all your various works with complete ease and undivided attention. Over time, working in this manner will become your second nature.

(Qutbul Aqtaab Hazrat Sheikhul Hadith Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) pg. 387)

Airport

Karachi-Jeddah

The True Sign of Perfection

Hakim al Umma Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Allah have mercy on him) once mentioned:

People regard different things to be the sign of a person’s perfection. Some people base perfection on one’s excessive ‘ibaadah (worship), while others base perfection on one’s level of taqwa (piety and abstinence). However, according to the ‘Ulama, the person who has truly acquired perfection is he who, with possessing the qualities of perfection, always keeps his weaknesses and faults before him at all times.

(Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 3/321)

Source:

Islah

A 17 year old A-Level student wrote,

Assalamualaikum wrwb.

Question:

At this present time what are my duties as a salik and what do you expect from me so that i can try my best and dont disappoint you?

Wassalam

The following answer was given by his mentor,

Wa alaykum as salaam wrwb.

JazakAllah

MashaAllah. This thought (fikr) is reflective of your yearning (talab) (to gain Allah’s pleasure). May Allah increase it more with afiyet. Ameen.

It is essential

1. To fulfill the daily essential (faraiz), highly recommended (wajibaat) and Sunna actions

2. Abstain from all that is sinful

3. Fulfill your duties as a son and a student

All of the above to the best of your abilities.

Structured daily routine, heartfelt supplications (dua) and some basic daily recitation & readings (mamoolaat) facilitate all of the above.

Take care.

Muhtaj e dua

‘ abd

Company of pious

Grand-Mufti of Pakistan Mufti Mohammed Rafi’s (Allah protect & preserve him) book “My Shaikh Hazrat ‘Aarfi” was being read.

The passage was about when Arifbillah Dr Abdul Hayy ‘Aarfi (Allah have mercy on him) gave Ijaza of Baiyah to Mufti Rafi’, and he wrote a letter to Shaikh ‘Aarfi thereafter. The letter included how Mufti Rafi’ would feel dejected at his efforts for self-improvement but Shaikh ‘Aarfi’s letter granting Ijaza of Baiyah turned his low self-esteem into motivation to increase his efforts for self-improvement.

Hazrat Mufti Rafi’ Sahab DB commented at this passage:

“This is among the extraordinary effects of the company of a Shaikh. Dejection, lack of morale and hopelessness are converted into hope and motivation to exert one’s energies in the effort to improve oneself.”

Ramadan 1439, malfuzaat collated by Br Kaiser Nizamani

Company of the pious

Sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mufti Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) said,

Companionship is a great thing.

It comes in a Prophetic saying (Hadith) the gist of which is that sitting with a pious person is like sitting in the company of one who sells (the fragrance) Musk. One will smell the good fragrance just by sitting with him, even if one does not apply any perfume. And sitting in a bad company is like sitting with a blacksmith from whom either a spark will fly onto your clothes and burn them or at least you will have to smell the repugnant smell.

The effect of the companionship of pious elders could be seen in my respected father. As Shaikh Sa’di RA has said:

گِلے خوش بوئے در حمّام روزے

رسید از دستِ مخدومے بہ دستم

بدو گفتم کہ مشکی یا عبیری

کہ از بوئے دل آویزِ تو مستم

بگفتا من گِلے ناچیز بُودم

و لیکن مدّتے با گُل نشستم

جمالِ ہمنشیں در من اثَر کرد

وگرنہ من ہمہ خاکم کہ ہستم

One day, in the (communal) bath,

I received a fragrant piece of mud (used as a form of soap/abrasive) from a benevolent friend

I asked it “Are you Musk or Ambergris?”

“As I’m mesmerized by your alluring fragrance”

It said “I’m a worthless piece of mud”

“But, I’ve spent a long time in the company of (fragrant) flowers”

“The beauty of the companion affects”

“Otherwise my existence is just mud”

Ramadan 1439 malfuzaat collated by Br KaiserNizamani #12

Being human

Sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) mentioned that his respected father Mufti Muhammad Shafee’ Usmani narrated that Hakim Ul Umma (Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi)(Allah have mercy on them) used to say that it is very difficult to become a (proper) human being. I could not become one but Allah showed us true human beings such that now (a beast like) a bull cannot deceive me saying that I am a human being.

Respected Mufti Shafi added that Hakim al Umma used to say this about himself (i.e. that he could not become a true human being) due to his humility, whereas this statement actually applies to me.

After looking at such people we understood how a human being should be like. If someone else comes and says that a human being should be something different, then Inshallah we would not be deceived.

He would also recite a couplet sometimes:

دل میں سما گئیں ہیں قیامت کی شوخیاں

دو چار دن رہے تھے کسی کی نگاہ میں

Unexplicable pleasures are infused in my heart,

I stayed under someone’s supervision for a few days

He also used to stay: “I have not read to many books. But I have observed men of Allah.” Like Shaikh (Rasheed Ahmed) Gangohi, Shayk al Hind, Hakim al UmmaThanvi, (Allah have mercy on them all).

Meaning I stayed in their company for a long time. Their company created a certain temperament and way of thought. After observing their outstanding demeanor, Alhamdulillah the heart does not get attracted to others.

Books give outwardly knowledge, but man is made by man, i.e. with his companionship. How to act on (and implement) on that knowledge is learnt from men.

Ramadan 1439, malfuzaat collated by Br KaiserNizamani #11