Four Prophetic sayings

Shaikh Moulana Muhammad Zakariyya (Allah have mercy on him) once mentioned:

Imaam Abu Hanifah (Allah have mercy on him) selected five Ahaadith from five hundred thousand Ahaadith. These five Ahaadith are such that through practising on them, one will be practising on the entire Deen.

After Imaam Abu Hanifah, Imaam Abu Dawood (Allah have mercy on them) selected four thousand eight hundred Ahaadith from five hundred thousand Ahaadith and compiled them into his book, Sunan Abi Dawood. From these Ahaadith four thousand eight hundred Ahaadith, he selected four Ahaadith and stated that the one who practises on them will be practising upon the entire Deen. All these four Ahaadith are among the five Ahaadith that Imaam Abu Hanifah had selected. Imaam Abu Dawood did not select the fifth Hadith as he understood that the meaning of the fifth Hadith can be included in the other four Ahaadith.

Imaam Abu Hanifah passed away in the year 150 A.H.

Imaam Abu Dawood was born fifty two years later, in the year 202 A.H. From this, it seems possible that Imaam Abu Dawood had taken this view from Imaam Abu Hanifah.

These four Ahaadith are,

1. The acceptance of) all actions are based on the intentions (with which the actions were carried out).

2. One will not be a true believer until he wishes for his brother that which he wishes for himself.

3. From the beauty of a person’s Islam is that he leaves out that which does not concern him.

4. Permissible (halal) is clear and impermissible (haraam) is clear, and between them are such things which are doubtful and many people do not know it. The one who abstains from these doubtful things will protect his Deen and his honor.

(Suhbat Baa Awliyaa pg. 94-97)

Source: Ihyaauddeen.co.za

At tahajjud

Arifbillah Dr Abdul Hayy Arifi (Allah have mercy on him) use to tell that at the time of tahajjud I recite this,

(O Allah I am here at Your service)

recalling the Prophetic saying that during the later half of the night Allah sends down an angel who announces till dawn,

Is there a destitute who wants his desires to be fulfilled?

Is there worshipper who wants his supplications to be accepted?

Is there penitent who wants forgiveness?

(Let them come forward and ask so they get it).

Audio majlis mateb

Competition for wealth & destruction

Our master Amr ibn Awf (Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah, (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said,

By Allah, it is not poverty I fear for you, but rather I fear you will be given the wealth of the world just as it was given to those before you. You will compete for it just as they competed for it and it will destroy you just as it destroyed them.”

Source: Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī 2988, Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim 2961

Blameworthy morals: removal

Qazi Burhan ud Deen (Allah have mercy on him) said in regards to removal of blameworthy moral characteristics,

‘Understand it by an example. A rodent drops dead in a water well and starts rotting. It pollutes the water. The smell, taste and color of water changes. The water becomes impure (na-pak). The only way to clean this water well is to first locate the rotting rodent carcass and remove it. Then filthy water has to be drained (the amount is as per fiqhi recommendation).

Attempts to clean well, for example by adding more clean water, perfumes, sanitizing chemicals, etc. , but without removing the rodent carcass will remain futile.

The rotten rodent has to be removed. ‘

Madarij as Sulook, Dr Mir Waliuddeen rehmatullah

Similar is our case. The blameworthy morals remain imbedded in our soul. They spoil all the good actions we perform. In spite of all the supererogatory (nawafil) acts of worship, like excessive remembrance (dhikr) of Allah, salah, Hajj, Umrah, financial charities and physical effort etc. our condition does not change for better. The serene and absolute submission to Allah never materializes. The indulgence in sinful continues whenever there is an opportunity and there is hope of any physical pleasure or financial or social gain or loss. God-forbid, this continues forever.

Remember Tasawwuf is tazkiyah. Purification.

The Soul has to be purified from all the blameworthy moral traits.

All the other things in Tasawwuf are ancillary to this main objective.

May Allah make it easy for us all. Ameen!

Blameworthy morals: list

Following is a list of most of the blameworthy morals that need to removed in islah/tazkiyah.

1. Ignorance/جھل

2. Heedlessness/ غفلت

3. Anger/غضب

4. Rancor/حقد

5. Resentful envy/حسد

6. Miserliness/بخل

7. Pride & boastfulness /فخرو افتخار

8. Arrogance/ کبر

9. Conceit/ عجب

10. Illusion/غرور

11. Ostentation/ریا

12. Love of prestige/ حب جاہ

13. Love of power/ حب ریاست

14. Love of material things/ حب مال

15. Disruption of social bonds/ قطع رحمی

16. Prying into privacy of others

17. Long hopes/طول امل

18. Greed/ حرص

19. Bad demeanor/ سُوخُلق

20. Disasters of speech/ آفات لسان: دروغ، کثرت کلام، غیبت، مزاح، نمیمہ

21. Lust/ شہوت

22. Spend-thriftiness/ اسراف

The Degrees of the Soul, p5 + Shariat wa Tariqat

Islah/Tazkiya of what?

In Tasawwuf and sulook what is meant by islah or tazkiya?

It is the cleansing of blame worthy moral characteristics (razail akhlaq) of nafs. That is ridding one’s self from arrogance, anger, show-off, envy, self-admiration, love of money and status, lustful desires, etc.

We focus on betterment of our outwards appearance and worship without paying attention to the removal of above mentioned blame worthy morals.

This is a big mistake!

The biggest obstacle in our path to achieving the pleasure of Allah is our nafs with all its blame worthy characteristics.

It is because of this lapse we see that outwardly pious-appearing  people indulge in impermissible activities whenever they are tempted by a worldly gain or are fearful of worldly loss.

May Allah give us the correct understanding of islah and facilitate it for us effectively. Ameen!

Once we acknowledge this and recognize our blame worthy moral characteristics the next step is to remove them. This is by firm determination, self-control and constant vigilance.

Remembrance of Allah (dhikr) facilitates it. Advice from Shaykh facilitates it further. But both of these are like catalysts. Without the key ingredient of determination and use of self-control they do not work alone.

Sayyidi wa sandai Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) repeatedly instructs us that there is no formula of remembrance or litany or amulet to bring about islah. One has to use his determination and self control.

May Allah facilitate this for us all. Ameen!

The first 10 days of Zil-Hajj

It is mandatory (wajib) for all male and female Muslims to recite the takbiraat e tashreeq after every fardhsalah once. Males have to do it in a fairly audible voice.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve and protect him) said,

‘In addition it is desirable (mustaheb) that during the first ten days these takbiraat be recited excessively. It is permissible to recite them quietly or aloud.

In our era this has been abandoned. Whereas this recitation has been reported from many Companions of Prophet (Allah be pleased with them). We should act on it.’

‘Our master Mohammed ibn Ali (Imam Baqir, Allah be pleased with him) used to recite it after all supererogatory salah. ‘

Inam al Bari, volume 4, 169

Asking Allah

An individual inquired about the well being of a two year old relative suffering from significant development delay.

After informing about the medical progress sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve and protect him) said ,

‘Every day I pray salat al hajet and make supplication (dua). Asking Allah for his complete recovery. ‘

Masjid Darul Uloom Karachi July 2017

—————–

We seek special litanies and recitations/wazifa for fulfillment of our desires. But we neglect the Sunna way of praying salah and supplications.

Being excessively cautious in bayiah

Maulana Amin Owrakzai shaheed (Allah have mercy on him) said,

These days people have made Tasawwuf and sulook a petty issue. Bayiah is a mere ritual. Neither the disciple does anything nor does he have an intention to do (in future). Moreover khilafet is bestowed on mediocre actions and capabilities.

Previously searching for a Shaikh was like finding a suitable spouse.

After demise of (my first Shaikh) Maulana Gorghashti I approached Allama Yusuf Binori (Allah have mercy on them) for bayiah. He instructed me to recite salutations (durood) 50,000 times , istegfar 50,000 times and make istekhara every Thursday. After istekhara I saw in dream that Prophet (Allah's blessings and peace be upon him) poured his blessed saliva into my mouth. On reporting this to Shaikh he accepted my bayiah. After he passed away I struggled a lot searching for another Shaikh. After much contemplation and discussion with pious elders I settled for one. On visiting him I was instructed to recite istegfar 127,000 times in a month and do istekhara. Even after that in light of istekhara he guided me to another Shaikh.

To cut the story short, in past for bayiah one had to struggle excessively. Only after that one was able to sit at the feet of Shaikh and be in his company.

Nowadays Pirs visit mureed. Disciple has to do no significant effort. People are encouraged to commit (bayiah) using lame excuses. Shuyuk do not have self-reliance (istegna) and seekers lack yearning. Whereas, in reality a perfect (kamil) Shaikh is always in a state of fear for being accountable to Allah (for guiding others). Then, how can he invite others for his bayiah?

Risala al-Mazhar, Kohat. special issue 2017