Seclusion from social media

Imam Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (Allah have mercy on him) said,

‘You must seclude yourself from people, for they will preoccupy you from the worship of Allah Most Exalted.

Nay, they will prevent you from it altogether!

Nay, they will cause you to succumb to evil and ruin!’

Minhajal’abidin via The virtues of seclusion in times of confusion, page 20

—— —— —– —— ———- ———

Please, note involvement in social media via internet is doing this in our era.

Sincerity in actions

Our master Abu Huraira (Allah be please with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah, (Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), said,

“Verily, (from the)  first people to be judged on the Day of Resurrection will be a man who was martyred. He will be brought, the blessings of Allah will be made known and he will acknowledge them. Allah will say: What did you do about them? The man will say: I fought in your cause until I was martyred. Allah will say: You have lied, for you fought only that it would be said you were brave, and thus it was said. Then, Allah will order him to be dragged upon his face until he is cast into Hellfire.

 

Another man studied religious knowledge, taught others, and recited the Quran. He will be brought, the blessings of Allah will be made known and he will acknowledge them. Allah will say: What did you do about them? The man will say: I learned religious knowledge, taught others, and I recited the Quran for your sake. Allah will say: You have lied, for you studied only that it would be said you are a scholar and you recited the Quran only that it would be said you are a reciter, and thus it was said. Then, Allah will order him to be dragged upon his face until he is cast into Hellfire.

 

Another man was given an abundance of blessings from Allah and every kind of wealth. He will be brought, the blessings of Allah will be made known and he will acknowledge them. Allah will say: What did you do about them? The man will say: I did not leave any good cause beloved to you but that I spent on it for your sake. Allah will say: You have lied, for you spent only that it would be said you are generous, and thus it was said. Then, Allah will order him to be dragged upon his face until he is cast into Hellfire.”

Source: Sahih Muslim

Corrupt suhba

‘One does not spend time with a corrupt individual, even while inwardly disavowing his corruption, except that one will perceive a decrease in the impact and severity of that sin in his heart.

And when one is a frequent witness of the major sins of others, one will deem one’s own minor sins to be of little consequence.’

KifayatulAtqiya 2672

Adab, Sunna & Wajib

Our master Abdullah bin Mubarak (Allah have mercy on him) said,

‘Whoever disregards the adab (etiquette) is punished by being deprived of following the Sunna, whoever disregards the Sunna is deprived of performing the obligatory (wajib) and whoever disregards the wajib is deprived of Gnosis (ma’arifa).’

Hidayat al azkiya, 1992

Sins of eyes may lead to disbelief

A spiritual seeker and religious scholar wrote, there is strong involvement in the spiritual malady of seeing the unlawful. The Satan deceives by reassuring me that you are not going to actually commit the acts of these lustful desires so why refrain from only watching them. At these moments I even forget العینان تزنیان (the Prophetic saying that eyes commit adultery).

Please prescribe a treatment for this.

Shaikh Wasiullah Allahabadi (Allah have mercy on him) replied,

‘The treatment of spiritual malady you have written about was very simple. That is, contemplation of the Quranic and Prophetic statements mentioning the detrimental consequences of indulging in it. However, your mentioning that awareness of العینان تزنیان (the Prophetic saying that eyes commit adultery) is ineffective, makes the matter a bit hard. I find it difficult to what to tell you. The knowledge of rulings of Sharia should have been sufficient for an individual to keep him away from sinful activities. However, if they are not (for an individual) then what to do?

In light of principles of this path (tariqat) for these kind of individuals I tell a thing. However, prior to this take into account two points,

1. How detestable and despicable it is that people consider an individual to be a scholar and acquire religious knowledge from him but in reality his inner self is completely opposite of his outward appearance? In regards to this Ibn Kathir (Allah have mercy on him) relates that Prophet Musa (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) told the people of Bani Israel that you come to me wearing the clothes of monks and your heart are like that of wolves. Listen to me. Wear the clothes fit for a king but soften your heart and fill them to the brim with fear of accountability to Allah.

Similarly Imam Hasan al Basri (Allah have mercy on him) said, there are people who have arrogance filled hearts, however, in outwardly appearance they look utmost humble.

Contemplating on these can also lead to much reformation (islah).

2. You mentioned that Satan deceives you by telling that you are not going to indulge in these lustful acts so why abstain from just looking. So beware that all who committed adultery started by seeing the prohibited. Watching the sinful became a prelude to actual performance of the illicit activities. So how can a fallible individual be sure that this will not lead him to it.

An individual wrote to Hakim al Umma (Allah have mercy on him) that a thought comes to mind, (at the opportunity to see the prohibited) go ahead and watch it as there is (extreme) hardship (beyond my volition) in abstaining from it. Hakim al Umma replied, ‘Quickly take heed and remove this thought process. Otherwise soon you will be knocking at the door of disbelief (ilhad).

Now I will tell you the thing according to the principles of this path. Accept and follow it. The pious sages have written a parable, an individual (claimed to) fell in love with a lady. (One day) he was following her closely, the women turned to him and said why are you following me? A little behind me my sister is coming, she is much more attractive and prettier than me. The individual turned searching for her. The lady slapped him and said,

O! Moron if you were truthful in your love for me than why did you look for someone else. O creep! Is this love?

Now I ask you if a mortal being has so much pride and honor (ghairet) than what about the Supreme reality (Allah). He has the most pride and honor against someone claiming to love Him and is giving preference to other-than-Him.

Stepping on this path is like making a claim of Allah’s love. The laws of love do not allow even looking at others.

Understand this and let me know what you understood.

Islahi maktubaat, wasiyet al Irfan, Rabi II, 1403, page 15-16

Days of patience are here!

The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said,

“You must enjoin good and forbid evil

until

you see greed being obeyed,

desires being followed,

worldly life being preferred, and

everyone is impressed by their own opinion.

Then you must take care of yourself and leave the common people.

Verily, ahead of you are days of patience in which patience will be like grasping a hot coal.

The one who does good deeds in that time will have the reward of fifty men who do likewise.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 3058

Taqwa

Our master Umar bin Abdul Aziz (Allah have mercy on him) said,

Taqwa of Allah does not consist of prayer by night or fasting by day, rather taqwa is avoiding what Allah has forbidden and performing what He has commanded; all besides this is goodness upon goodness.

Kifayatul Atqiya

Caution regarding Nafs

Hakim al Umma Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi (Allah have mercy on him) said,

It is absolutely vital for one to constantly remain vigilant and cautious regarding his nafs. The nafs is such that if it finds the opportunity and the means to fulfil its desires, it will never rest until it gets what it wants.

In fact, even those who have progressed sufficiently in the path of self reformation, it is nevertheless, dangerous for them as well to become complacent and relax their guard regarding the nafs. However, the difference with them is that due to their knowledge and experience in traversing the path of self reformation, it is not as difficult for them to bring their nafs under control at the time of danger.

The condition of our nafs is like that of a stubborn horse. When it is let loose, it neither looks forward nor backward (as it is out of control and runs in any direction without thinking). In this state, the damage that the nafs can cause is so serious that we cannot truly comprehend it.

(Malfoozaat Hakeemul Ummat 8/50)

Source:Ihyaauddeen.co.za

Tawassul

Hakim al Umma Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī Thānawī (Allah have mercy on him) said,

“The [following] form of tawassul (intercession) through pious people, that O Allah, have mercy upon us because of such a saint, its reality is: O Allah, according to me, such a person is an accepted [servant] of yours, and for [the action of] loving the accepted people, there is promise of mercy in [the ḥadīth] ‘The person is with who he loves’. I ask from you this mercy. Thus, in tawwssul (intercession), the person expresses his love for the friends of Allah and thereby asks for mercy and reward because of this love. And love for the friends of Allah necessitates mercy and reward as mentioned in the nuṣūṣ (texts). Thus, there are many ḥadīths regarding those who love for the sake of Allah.

Now there is a question, what effect does the piety and blessing of the saint have on [the divine] mercy? The effect is that loving this saint is part of loving for the sake of Allah, and there is promise of reward for loving for the sake of Allah. After this explanation, I say acting upon [the verse 93:11] ‘But as for the favour of your Lord, then report [it]’, that if Ibn Taymiyah heard this explanation he would never have denied the permissibility of tawassul [via pious people] because all its preliminaries are sound. It is my good assumption of ʿAllāmah Ibn Taymiyah that he prohibited the tawassul of the ignorant people of his time, the reality of which was istiʿānah and istighāthah (seeking assistance).” (Ashraf al-Jawāb, p.152).

[Tr. Note: For detailed reading, refer to Bawādir al-Nawādir (p.709) and Fatāwā Rashīdiyyah (p.134). Shaykh Fakhr al-Dīn Murādābādī (d. 1392/1972) suggest in Īḍāḥ al-Bukhārī (5:319) that Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (d. 728/1328) permits intercession through good deeds, which includes love of the pious people, and therefore the difference is merely in expression, otherwise there is no real difference between his position and the position of the majority of scholars, in the manner that it has been expressed by Mawlānā Ashraf ʿAlī Thānawī. Shaykh al-Islām Mufti Muḥammad Taqī ʿUthmānī (b. 1362/1943) appears to be inclined to this position to a certain extent (Takmilah Fatḥ al-Mulhim, 5:317; Maqālāt al-ʿUthmānī, 1:41).]

Source: https://nawadir.org/2017/11/15/100-discourses-of-shaykh-ashraf-ali-thanawi/

IDCNY17, New York

Advice to students

In the name of Allah Most Beneficent Most Merciful

Today, on 21 Safar 1439H, equivalent to 11 November 2017, a group of teachers and students from DHA Suffa University came to Darul Uloom Karachi, and this servant got the opportunity to meet them.

On their request this servant presented a short introduction about the knowledge of Hadith (sayings of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) to them, and also recited the Hadith Musalsal Bil Awwaliyya* (the first Hadith which teachers normally teach their students). It was very pleasing to look at their enthusiasm and interest for Knowledge of Deen.

They asked me to write some advice, so I am writing these lines in compliance to this.

Nowadays the biggest motive behind gaining knowledge is understood to be to gain maximum wealth, due to which the Muslim Ummah is not receiving the correct benefit from knowledge. The real motive to gain knowledge should be to serve, in different branches of life, one’s country and the Muslim Ummah in general, and to embellish one’s own and one’s society’s actions and character. This servant gives this advice to these bright youngsters that they should gain knowledge with this intention, whatever kind of knowledge it may be. If they do so, Inshallah this will prove to be a reason for their success in this world and the Hereafter.

And Allah Ta’ala is The One who gives Tawfeeq (i.e. the strength to act on this advice)

Muhammad Taqi Usmani

* Hadith Musalsal Bil Awwaliyya

عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ عَمْرٍو قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الرَّاحِمُونَ يَرْحَمُهُمْ الرَّحْمَنُ ارْحَمُوا مَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ يَرْحَمْكُمْ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاءِ

Abdullah ibn Amr reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, Those who are merciful will be shown mercy by the Most Merciful. Be merciful to those on the earth and the One in the heavens will have mercy upon you.”

Source: Sunan al-Tirmidhī 1924