Category Archives: W. Wird & wazaif

Tabligh

Sayyidi Hazrat Aqdas Maulana Justice Mufti Muhamamd Taqi Usmani Sahab Damat Barakaatuhum,

Assalamualaikum wa Rahmatulla.

I make dua (prayers) from the bottom of my heart that Allah Ta’ala continues giving Hazrat the Tawfeeq to serve His Deen with good health and ‘aafiyah. Ameen!

Hazrat, describing the love and respect that this incapable one has for Hazrat would make this letter very long. In short, I keep making duas for you from the very bottom of my heart.

Hazrat is very busy, yet regarding one point I don’t expect to get the same level of satisfaction from anyone else’s answer except from Hazrat. I hope Hazrat would bestow us with an answer.

Hazrat, from the books of our elders (Translator: previous generations of Islamic scholars) and Hazrat’s talk titled “Reality of Deen is taslim-o-raza (translator: acceptance and being content)”, the point has entered my heart that fulfilling one’s desires or interests is not Deen. Deen is fulfilling the commandment and need of Deen which is applicable in one’s current situation and time. On the other hand the elders of Tablighi Jamat present the concept of “Qurbani” (Sacrifice) as the soul of Deen. Due to these different understandings there is confusion as to which mode of action should be taken.

For example, the week in which the monthly (Tablighi) 3 days of the previous (Tablighi) Ameer of Pakistan — Sahab (Allah extend his life) was planned, in the same week his father-in-law passed away. He was thinking what to do in this situation. If taslim-o-raza (i.e. acceptance and being pleased with the decree of Allah Ta’aala) is considered, then it was possible to postpone the 3 days to another week in order to console his wife. But the Ameer Sahab of Pakistan gave preference to his 3 days and left. When he returned he apprehended that his wife would be upset, but his wife was unusually happy, and said that I saw my father in a dream last night. He said that if — (Ameer Sahab of Pakistan) comes then don’t be upset with him. Allah Ta’ala forgave me because of his going for 3 days.

According to the understanding that Deen is to surrender one’s wishes to the decisions of Allah Ta’ala, he should not have gone for 3 days in that week. Then how does this going out for 3 days become a means of forgiveness for his father-in-law?

We hear from most elders of Tabligh that Kufr (Disbelief) will not break just by giving the recommended times such as 40 days, because for Kufr (Disbelief) to break “Qurbani” (Sacrifice) is a condition. For example, that the wife is sick in the house, the agricultural produce is ready for harvest, there is shortage of money, and the worldly conditions are difficult, in this situation if one leaves for Tabligh then Hidayat (Guidance) will spread. Now taslim-o-raza (i.e. surrendering to the decisions of Allah Ta’ala) would mean that when the wife is sick then taking care of her should be given priority. When the agricultural produce is ready then harvesting it should be given priority. In such scenarios should one act according to the concept of taslim-o-raza  (i.e. surrendering one’s desires to the decisions of Allah Ta’ala ) or should one follow the course of action which will involve “Qurbani” (Sacrifice)? I think it was the battle of Tabuk in which the dates were ready for harvest, but according to the concept that the reality of Deen is “Qurbani” (Sacrifice) the Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them) went out in the Path of Allah Ta’ala leaving the dates without harvesting them.

A person asked an ‘Alim (Islamic Scholar) that a person goes out in the Path of Allah Ta’ala in the condition that his old father is blind, his wife is young, and the environment around his house is not safe, and he has small children. The ‘Alim (Islamic Scholar) replied that if the person goes out in this situation then he has done big injustice. The ‘Alim was told that Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) was in the same situation when he went out with Rasulullah (Peace be upon him).  According to the concept of taslim-o-raza (i.e. surrendering one’s desires to the decisions of Allah Ta’ala) it seems Hazrat Abu Bakr (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) should not have left his family. But the elders (of Tabligh) say that if a person leaves in this kind of situation then on the one hand Kufr (Disbelief) will break in the world, and on the other hand his own Yaqeen (strong belief) will increase and also the Yaqeen (strong belief) of his family members, that the real Protector and Provider of sustenance is Allah Ta’ala.

We hear from some people that since Islam was new in the times of the Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them) so they had much more responsibility of Tabligh, but now that Islam is no longer something new the responsibility of Tabligh is less than the responsibility on the Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them). The Tablighi brothers say that since the people are going away from Deen similar to the people in the time of Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them) won’t the ruling ( in terms of the responsibility to do Tabligh) return to what it was in the times of Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them)?

The senior Islamic Scholars say that going out in Tabligh is Fard-e-Kifaya (i.e. an obligatory act, however, by some people acting upon it the rest shall be absolved of their obligation, similar to the status of Janaaza Salaat.). But the senior people of Tabligh say that Kifaya (literally “enough”) means that it should be enough for fulfilling the Fard (obligation). So is the going out of hundreds or thousands fulfilling this Fard (obligation)? (Translator: meaning to say that it is not).

We hear from some friends that in one journey Rasulullah (Peace be upon him) told the Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them) to break their fast but did not stop the Tabligh-related journey. Similarly Hanzhalah (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) was in need of compulsory bath, and the demand of the time was to take bath, but he preferred going in the Path of Allah Ta’ala in his state of ritual impurity.

Hazrat I hope I have explained my doubts to sufficient extent. Further lengthening of this letter doesn’t seem appropriate. Hazrat, with your juristic foresight and God-given understanding please explain with some detail that when the people of Tabligh present some need of Deen, and at the same time other demand of Shariah comes up, then should we surrender our wishes to the wishes of Allah Ta’ala and fulfill the demand of Shariah, or should we, like the Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them), postpone those demands of Shariah?

Hazrat, I would like to ask another question related to what has been written above. There seems to be a difference between the viewpoint of senior Islamic scholars and the seniors of Tabligh. For example the common Islamic Scholars consider going out in Tabligh as Fard-e-Kifaya (i.e. an obligatory act, however, by some people acting upon it the rest shall be absolved of their obligation, similar to the status of Janaaza Salaat) while the Tablighi brothers say its Fard-e-Ain (i.e. an obligatory act which every individual has to fulfil, similar to the status of Fardh Salaat). Similar to Hazrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (May Allah Ta’ala have mercy on him), who gave the Fatwa (legal ruling) half a century ago that companionship of Ahlullah (friends of Allah Ta’ala) is Fard-e-Ain, because at that time the correction of one’s outer and inner actions was near impossible without the companionship of Ahlullah (friends of Allah Ta’ala). Now it is observed and is an undeniable reality that going out in Tabligh has many times caused a revolution in the lives of not only lay people but also scholars. Based on the rule that the means of fulfilling a compulsory act itself becomes compulsory, if going out in Tabligh is called Fard-e-Ain then what is the status of this ruling in the light of Shariah?

Wassalam

Muhammad Rashid

Answer:

My respected and honorable one, Assalamualaikum warahmatullahi wabarakaatuhu. I received your letter. The way you make dua for this lowly incapable one, I don’t know how I can thank you for this. May Allah Ta’ala give the best reward for this in this world and the Hereafter, Ameen!

The things you have asked about Tableehi Jamat, I present some basic principles related to them, May Allah Ta’ala make them a source of satisfaction.

1)

a) When Jihad (Holy War) becomes Fard-e-Ain then it becomes a situation of emergency, and at that time neither business is permissible, nor do the normal rights of one’s wife and children remain as they do during peace, and nor does any such action remain permissible which is against Jihad and which will be a hindrance towards Jihad.

b) All the examples you have presented from the times of Sahaba (companions of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them) are related to this situation (i.e. when Jihad had become Fard-e-Ain). Jihad being compulsory at the time of Battle of Tabuk was also announced in the Holy Quran.

c) And Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) had clarified the same in two clear words, so agriculture products which were ready to be harvested, or household problems, could not become a hindrance to the Jihad. Despite this the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered a brave companion like Ali (may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) to stay back in Madinah and look after the weak ones. Hazrat Ali (may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) desired to take part in the battle to get the virtues of participating in Jihad, but due to the order of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) he surrendered his wishes to the orders of Allah Ta’ala and His Prophet, and stayed back in Madinah and looked after the weak.

d) The event of Hazrat Handhalah (may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) also took place at a time when the enemy had already attacked, and Jihad had already become Fard-e-Ain.

e) Hijrat (migration) with the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) had also become Fard (compulsory) on Hazrat Siddque-e-Akbar (i.e. Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him)) and he fulfilled this commandment, otherwise in normal circumstances the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) had given preference to serving the parents over Jihad, and made such companions return back to their homes who had presented themselves for Jihad, while their parents were crying at their going.

If going in Tabligh for 3 days or 40 days is considered Fard-e-Ain in a similar way as when Jihad becomes a Fard, then it would mean that doing business, manufacturing, agriculture, nothing would be permissible, and everyone should go out in Tabligh at all times, similar to the ruling that other things become impermissible when Jihad becomes Fard-e-Ain. The question is, that if 3 days or 40 days is Fard-e-Ain then what are its limits? Does any order of the Quran or Hadith specify it? Secondly, when a person returns from his 3 days and spends the rest of the month doing business, agriculture, etc. then would going out for Tabligh not be Fard-e-Ain at that time? If it will not remain Fard-e-Ain after returning from 3 days then it means it was not Fard-e-Ain in the first place. And if it remains Fard-e-Ain then how would doing business and earning a living be permissible?

2) You have written that “in one journey Rasulullah (Peace be upon him) told the Sahaba (May Allah Ta’ala be pleased with them) to break their fast but did not stop the Tabligh-related journey.”

Firstly this was not a journey for Tabligh, it was the journey for the Jihad for conquest of Makkah. Secondly, the fasts were broken due to extreme difficulty. There was no reason to stop the journey; at most there was extreme heat, but it was not necessary to leave Jihad due to personal difficulty. Because the difficulty was only on one’s own self and nobody else suffered a loss to their rights or wealth.

3) The meaning that you have written of Fard-e-Kifaya, if this is really the meaning of Kifaya then Jihad should never have been Fard-e-Kifaya throughout the history of Islam, because in all eras, the number of non-Muslims has always been more than three times the number of Muslims. Millions of people have been away from Deen in all eras. So when the Muslim jurists called Jihad a Fard-e-Kifaya then were the majority of people at that time Muslim? When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) passed away then the number of Sahaba is said to be one hundred and twenty four thousand, which is a small number compared to the population of the world. But did Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) ever order his companions to leave all other obligations and go out to other cities and countries? In reality Fard-e-Kifaya only means that if an appropriate number of people are doing this job then this becomes sufficient for the fulfillment of other people’s obligations as well.

4) The is no contradiction between true concepts of taslim-o-raza (i.e. surrendering one’s desires and being pleased with what Allah Ta’ala plans for a slave) and qurbani (i.e. sacrifice). Fulfilling the commandment of Allah Ta’ala requires sacrifice. Sometimes this sacrifice is in the form of one’s life, sometimes one’s wealth and sometimes one’s desires. When the Holy Prophet (peace be upon him) commanded Ali (may Allah Ta’ala be pleased with him) to stay back in Madinah, then his following this order involved his surrendering his wishes and desires to the command of Allah Ta’ala and His Messenger (peace be upon him), and at the same time it was also a sacrifice of his own wishes and desires. When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stopped Hazrat Huzaifah Bin Yamaan from participating in the battle of Badr, and he fulfilled this order, then it was a sacrifice of the companion’s desires. When Jihad becomes Fard-e-Ain then sacrifice of one’s wealth and worldly desires is given. And when it becomes Fard-e-Kifaya even then he gives the same kind of sacrifices, but unless Jihad becomes Fard-e-Ain the sacrifices one gives are restricted to one’s own self. The rights of others are not sacrificed. But if the others whose rights are due on one, themselves happily forego their rights then this will be an act of reward for them, and participating in Jihad or Da’wat will be a means of great reward. The example you gave of the elder whose father-in-law passed away yet he went out for his 3 days, if his wife did not face any unbearable difficulty due to his going out then his action was not impermissible according to Shariah. But there can be difference of opinion whether staying with his wife would have been more rewarding or whether going out was more rewarding. And dreams have no status in terms of deriving rulings of Shariah based on them.

5) One point is beyond the understanding of this lowly one that to encourage people to go for Tabligh, stories of the Jihad of the Sahaba are always used, but practically the stance towards Jihad is as if it isn’t an obligation of Shariah at all. Rather it is considered practically obsolete, and sometimes Jihad is even is opposed.

6) The above doesn’t mean I am against Tablighi Jamat or that I don’t give importance to the work of Tabligh. The reality is that the work of Tabligh is very important. The Tablighi Jamat has as a whole, with the Grace of Allah Ta’ala, done great work which deserves praise, and the Muslim Ummah has derived great benefit from it. But to emphasize the importance of some work it is not necessary that it must be called Fard-e-Ain at all costs. Secondly, at the same time where it is important to co-operate with and help the Tablighi Jamat, it is also necessary to correct the exaggerations which are sometimes spoken either by those who have newly joined the Tablighi Jamat, or those who do not take care to put things within their limits. And sometimes these exaggerations even reach the point where orders of Shariah are changed. May Allah Ta’ala give us the correct understanding of His Deen and allow us to practice on it. Ameen! Wassalam.

And Allah Ta’ala knows best.

Lowly Muhammad Taqi Usmani (May he be forgiven)

28-03-1418

1) For details see Hazrat’s book “تکملہ فتح الملہم” کتاب الامارۃ، مسئلۃ فرضیۃ الجہاد ج۳ ص۳۷۴

2) (۲) ما کان لاھل المدینۃ و من حولھم من الاعراب ان یتخلفوا عن رسول اللہ ولا یرغبوا بانفسھم عن نفسہ، الآیۃ (سورۃ التوبۃ ۱۲۰)

3) (۳) و فی صحیح البخاریؒ باب من حبسہ العذر عن الغزو

ج۱ ص۳۱۸ حدثنا احمد بن یونس ثنا رھیر ثنا حمید

Intekhab e Kaiseri

Islah/Tazkiya of what?

In Tasawwuf and sulook what is meant by islah or tazkiya?

It is the cleansing of blame worthy moral characteristics (razail akhlaq) of nafs. That is ridding one’s self from arrogance, anger, show-off, envy, self-admiration, love of money and status, lustful desires, etc.

We focus on betterment of our outwards appearance and worship without paying attention to the removal of above mentioned blame worthy morals.

This is a big mistake!

The biggest obstacle in our path to achieving the pleasure of Allah is our nafs with all its blame worthy characteristics.

It is because of this lapse we see that outwardly pious-appearing  people indulge in impermissible activities whenever they are tempted by a worldly gain or are fearful of worldly loss.

May Allah give us the correct understanding of islah and facilitate it for us effectively. Ameen!

Once we acknowledge this and recognize our blame worthy moral characteristics the next step is to remove them. This is by firm determination, self-control and constant vigilance.

Remembrance of Allah (dhikr) facilitates it. Advice from Shaykh facilitates it further. But both of these are like catalysts. Without the key ingredient of determination and use of self-control they do not work alone.

Sayyidi wa sandai Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve & protect him) repeatedly instructs us that there is no formula of remembrance or litany or amulet to bring about islah. One has to use his determination and self control.

May Allah facilitate this for us all. Ameen!

Asking Allah

An individual inquired about the well being of a two year old relative suffering from significant development delay.

After informing about the medical progress sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve and protect him) said ,

‘Every day I pray salat al hajet and make supplication (dua). Asking Allah for his complete recovery. ‘

Masjid Darul Uloom Karachi July 2017

—————–

We seek special litanies and recitations/wazifa for fulfillment of our desires. But we neglect the Sunna way of praying salah and supplications.

Prescription for success 

In reply to a seeker who lamented about his assumed bad condition, Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) replied:
Son! 

معشوق من ست آنکہ بہ نزدیک تو زشت ست

You have despair over your condition while I feel elated. Your condition is a proof of two things which are from the highest objectives (of the path). 

Firstly, recognition of one’s bad condition. 

Secondly, concern to improve one’s condition.

Make four things your habit then I take responsibility that you will not be left deprived:

Firstly, complete your daily dhikr (routine) even if it small in amount, irrespective of finding it interesting.

Secondly, abstain from all sinful involvement with (firm) determination. And repent immediately if you fail (in doing so). 

Thirdly, neither think about past (mistakes) nor future (apprehensions) nor anticipate success (in your spiritual quest) 

Fourthly, keep in regular correspondence (with your spiritual mentor) about your condition, even if there is nothing worth mentioning.

In addition to these, in my opinion (as per ayurdeic medicine) there is affect of  incalescence on your brains. Medical treatment is essential. This has also played a role in this state (Hal). 

After implementing this prescription be carefree. 

من غم تو میخوارم تو غم مخور

برتو من مشفق ترم از صد پدر 

Your considerate well wisher 

Ashraf Ali’

Tarbiyyatus Salik Volume 1, Chapter 5, page 725

Intekhab e Qaiseri

Dhikr without islah


A seeker wrote, ‘Nowadays my practice is that the word ” Allah Hu” comes with each breath and in the last part of the night I recite “Allah Allah” minimum for half hour and maximum one hour. Stopping the breath (habs e damm) has become such a habit that that I can’t do away with it. The count of Supreme Name (Ism Zaat) (“Allah Allah”) is not fixed. Please advise whatever is appropriate for me and whether I should not do it at all.

Hakim al Ummah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) replied:

‘I do not want to listen to anything about dhikr and spiritual exercise (shugal) without (update on the effort of) reformation of morals. I bid adieu to this kind of spiritual exercise (shugal).’

 Tasheel Tarbiyatus Salik Volume 2, Page 97

Intekhabaat e Kaiseri

Wird: تارک الورد ملعون 

A spiritual seeker wrote, I read in many books the saying تارک الورد ملعون (one who abandons his daily wird is cursed).  What exactly does it mean?

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) replied, 

‘First of all sayings like this are not an evidence without an explicit reference. 

Even if it is considered to be a testament then ‘cursed’ (here) means deprivation from the special blessings that is associated with (the recitation of) this wird

In addition the wisdom of wording it so (dramatic) is to state the repugnance of abandoning the daily routine wird without a genuine excuse. This practice (of abandonment of established worship) being abominable is mentioned in sahih Prophetic saying

یا عبداللہ لا تکن مثل فلان کان یصلی بالیل ثم ترکہ

O Abdullah! Do not be like XYZ who use to pray at night and then abandoned it. ‘

Tarbiyet us Salik, volume3, page 134

Dua e ‘Arifi for protection 

Arif-billah Dr Abdul Hayy Arifi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,

‘It is best that after completing the daily morning recitations to supplicate, 

O Allah! bestow upon us Your blessings and Grace,

Save me and my family from all apparent and hidden troubles, from all obscene and prohibited actions, from all tricks of my lowerself (nafs) and the Devil (Shaytan), from all calamities and accidents, from all extreme hardships and diseases, from all adversities of fellow individuals and grant us Your protection. Ameen!’

Ma’amoolaat e Yoomia, page 24

——-

Hammad International airport, Doha 

Paas anfaas پاس انفاس 

Diaphragmatic_breathing

Hakim al Ummah Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed a very close murid,

‘Start doing ‘paas anfaas‘ and never abandon it.  Try your best that not a single breath escapes without it. Initially, before it becomes a habit set a time period like quarter or half an hour for doing it. You have the choice of selecting لا الہ الا اللہ or any other form. ‘

The murid adds, that previously Hakim al Ummah told me,

‘It is summer these days I will instruct you a paas anfaas that has cooling effect and so it will not cause distress in hot weather.

The method of doing it is to attach your tongue to the palate and recite mentally as you inhale (the line in bold)

And (the line in lighter shade) as you exhale.

Keep your breathing normal while doing so. Intentionally increasing the breathing effort while doing so leads to development of diseases. ‘

Murid further adds, Hakim al Ummah used to say that,’I have been specifically instructed regarding (deligence in performance of) paas anfaas. That is, via a warid. ‘

Mubadi at Tasawwuf, published with Bunyan al Mushayed, Maktaba e Thanvi, page 314

Shogal e unhad/شغل انحد

INFINITY

Hakim al Umma Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Allah have mercy on him) instructed,

‘If after a considerable period of time consolidation of thoughts (yak suiy) during remembrance of Allah (dhikr) does not develop then it is appropriate to do a shogal (spiritual exercise for developing concentration).

There are many of them but in my opinion the most beneficial and straightforward is shogal e unhad. The best time to do it is late night after dowazdah tasbeeh. However, do not hold the breath in it. These days doing this leads to weakening of heart and mind. Only close the eyes and plug both the ears tightly with the index fingers. This will create a noise in the ears that feels limitless and incessant. That is the reason for calling shogal unhad so, In Hindi (language) un means without and had means limit. Thus unhad means limitless.

One should concentrate on this noise and recite ‘Allah’ ‘Allah’ with tongue or in heart/mind as to make sure that this time is not spend in heedlessness. Mere concentration on this noise is not a form of dhikr. This is because this noise in neither an attribute (siffet) of Allah as many have been deceived nor is it from any creature from the unseen world (alem e ghayb). It is only the trapping of air in the skull (auditory canals) that creates it. In spite of this, concentration towards it is done because it is from the perceived senses (hearing) and it is pleasant to listen to. Sometimes in this activity such noises are heard that one is spiritually overwhelmed and passes into (spiritual) ecstasy.

It is logical that a thing that is perceivable by senses like ears, eyes etc., is pleasing to do and involvement in it removes other (unnecessary) thoughts, establishes the habit of consolidation of thoughts in one direction.  Once this habit is firmly rooted this shogal is abandoned and instructions are given to concentrate towards Allah.’

Tahseel qasdus sabeel (Shah Lutuf Rasool rehmatullah aleh), page 24

Quran: Dua after recitation 

Arif Billah Dr Abdul Hayy Arifi (Allah have mercy on him) used to supplicate after recitation of Holy Quran,

‘O Allah! This is Your speech and (conveyed to us via) speech of Your (beloved) Prophet (Allah bless him and grant him peace ). Our aptitude is deficient (to fully recognize and benefit from it). 

O Allah! Via the barakah, luster and spiritual effluence of this (holy) text illuminate our faith and actions. And (please) make us an object of Your absolute acceptance. ‘

Sins: a plea for safeguard


O Allah! I ask You for such fear which would prevent me from Your disobedience so that I may do, through your obedience, actions which will make me eligible for Your pleasure, and so that I may truly repent before You out of the fear for You, (and) be shameful in front of You, so that I place my trust in You in all matters. And I ask You for good expectations from You. 

You are Perfect, the creator of nur (a faculty to differentiate between bright pious deeds and sinful dark actions). 

O Allah! Do not destroy us suddenly, do not take us to task all of a sudden nor make us heedless of any obligations or advice. ‘

Munajaat e maqbool # 170, Wednesday manzil