Teachings of Hakim al-Umma Mawlana Ashraf 'Ali Thanawi & his spiritual successors, particularly 'Arifbillah Dr 'Abdul Hayy 'Arifi (may Allah bless them) and Sayyidi Mawlana Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (may Allah preserve him) regarding Tasawwuf
Sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve him and allow us to benefit from him with ‘afiyet, Amin) instructed a mojaz (having the permission to initiate),
‘Never try to adopt the demeanor of those who consider themselves to be leaders (therefore, deserving special services) or that of the prevalent spiritual guides (pir) or (tolerate the extremist attitude of) their disciples. In fact, consider this to be a deadly poison.’
Sayyidi wa sanadi Shaikh Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah bless him with a long, healthy and productive life, Amin!) continued,
The second thing is to be vigilant in turning to Allah (asking for assistance) all the time. That is, while walking or being busy in something or resting, in short whenever there is any need one should turn towards Allah and ask for assistance. One has to develop this habit.
For example, right now when we depart the masjid we should ask Allah for an appropriate ride. Once in the ride we should ask Allah that we reach our destination safely without any traffic problems. If feeling hot we should ask Allah to alleviate it. If feeling cold we should ask Allah to provide warmth. On entering our home we should ask Allah that we find all the family members safe and sound. In summary we should persist in turning towards Allah asking for assistance in all our activities.
Be vigilant in being thankful to Allah for all the blessings you have, however, small they might be. Repeat it verbally, ‘all praise is for Allah’ (Alhumdulillah).
If one does these things then every moment of his time is accounted as being in the remembrance of Allah.
May Allah facilitate this for all of us by His mercy and benevolence. Amin!
Attending Fiqh Academy session, Riyadh, KSA after Friday prayers, 11/22/2013
Hakim al Ummah Mawlana Ashraf Ali Thanawi (Allah have mercy on him) said,
Contemplate (make muraqaba) that I love Allah and Allah also loves me.
This muraqaba is extremely beneficial.
When an individual afflicted with extremes of worries and anxieties does this muraqaba, all of them vanish completely. This is because there is conviction that Allah loves me and therefore there must be some benefit for me in this affliction. In love, who will hurt the loved one?
“The Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said,
“From the excellence of a man’s Islam is leaving that which does not concern him.”
“That is, to leave that which is not important or befitting of him, whether in speech, actions, or thought.
Thus, ‘the excellence of a man’s Islam’ is its perfection, such that one remains steadfast in the submission to the commands and prohibitions of Allah, and surrenders to His rulings in accordance to His destiny and decree (qada wa qadr). This is the sign of the heart having been expanded by the light of its Lord, and the descent of quietude (sakina) into the heart. The reality of ‘that which does not concern him’ is that which is not needed for a worldly or next-worldly necessity, and does not aid in attaining his Lord’s good pleasure, such that it is possible to live without it…
This includes excess acts and unnecessary speech… This hadith may well be taken from Allah Most High’s saying,
“And who shun all vain things.” (Qur’an, 23: 3)
Mulla Ali al-Qari (Allah have mercy on him) mentioned this in his commentary on Mishkat al-Masabih.
Sayyid wa sanadi Shaykh Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve him) entered the Prophet’s mosque just prior to the prayer call for magrib. He took care to place his right foot inside the mosque first while removing the left shoe from his feet. He recited the Sunna prayers for entering the mosque. After the adhan he prayed the two cycles for the salutation of the mosque (tahiyet al-masjid).
After the fardh and Sunna prayers he proceeded to the blessed mawahjah shareef. Standing very humbly near the pillars in front of the Prophet’s (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) chamber he recited salat-o-salam in a barely audible voice. His body language and demeanor was that of absolute humility, propriety and necessitousness. Sometimes his hands were by his sides and at others folded in front of him. He stayed like this for five to seven minutes. Then he proceeded to greet the khulafa Sayidina Abu Bakr and Sayidena Umar Farooq (Allah be pleased with them) respectively. This was brief. He then proceed to the extreme left of the front rows and facing qibla with his hand raised (as in dua) he made supplications for a long duration. It was almost 15 minutes duration. Finding an empty spot in second row he sat down to recite Quran and completed the awabeen nawafil.
Immediately after the fardh of esha he exited the mosque from Bab al-Baqi’ and reentered from Bab an-Nisa. He made sure not to pass in front of the individuals who were praying (salah). Finding a suitable spot beside the Suffa he completed his remaining prayers and when there was space on the Suffa he proceeded to pray there.
As the visiting time for the women was near the area was being evacuated and cordoned off. He proceed to the Riyadh al-Jannah. However, there was no space available so he prayed besides the blessed pulpit of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him). Once a spot became available he moved to the Riyadh al-Jannah to complete his prayers.
On the way back from the mosque he told his son Mufti Dr. Imran Ashraf Usmani (Allah preserve him) that my master Shaykh Mawlana Masihullah (Allah sanctify his secret) instructed (wasiyah) me that whenever you visit the Prophet’s mosque try to spend some time on the blessed Suffa. Whereas, my other Shaykh Dr. Abdul Hayy (Allah have mercy on him) instructed to keep the salutations in front of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) concise and this is what I have found to be the recommendation of most of the scholars. He also instructed to pray salah with congregation in the front rows and to do additional worship while in the blessed mosque even if it was not from one’s usual routine.
Shaykh Abu Taleb Makki (Allah have mercy on him) said that I complied the Prophetic sayings related to major sins and found out that there are 17 mentioned explicitly. They include,
Four related to heart,
1. Associating partners with Allah (shirk)
2. Intention of persisting on a sin
3. Being hopeless of Allah’s mercy
4. Being heedless of Allah’s wrath
Four related to tongue,
1. Bearing false witness
2. Allegation of adultery on innocent
3. Swearing falsely
4. Doing magic
Three related to stomach,
1. Drinking alcoholic beverages
2. Consuming the wealth of orphans
3. Taking unlawful tax/rent for agricultural land
Two related to genitalia,
1. Illicit sexual relations
Two related to hands,
1. Killing someone unjustly
One related to feet,
1. Fleeing from the battlefield in jihad
One related to the whole body,
1. Being disobedient to the parents
May Allah save us from all of these by His mercy. Amin!
Khawaja Mohammad Ma’soom Sirhindi (may Allah have mercy on him) said,
The objective of travelling on the path (sulook) is not to become a Shaykh and accept murid. In fact its aim is to fulfil the duties of slave-hood (abdiyet) without the involvement and resistance of the lower self (nafs).
“He (Allah Most High) then firmly established (istawa) Himself over the Throne” (Qur’an 7:54) means He firmly established Himself over the Kingly Throne and began decreeing orders (ahkams) in the heavens and the earth. In the tafsir (exegesis) of [the verse] “He then firmly established Himself over the Throne”, it is safer to adopt silence in agreement with the methodology of the salaf (pious predecessors) and that is also my view although the muta’akhirin (scholars of the later generations) have opened the doors for ta’wil (interpretation).
A growing trend among the Pilgrims (hujjaj) is the abandoning of some of the Sunna of Hajj. Especially, the sunna of staying in Mina overnight from 8th till 12/13th Zil-hijjah (except for the night stay in Muzdallifa on youm al-Arafa).
The Hanafi fuqha may have given dispensations in special circumstances for the old, sick, feeble and females but to do this based only on whimsical fear of hardship is grossly inappropriate.
Sayyidi wa sanadi Hadhrat Mawlana Mohammad Taqi Usmani (may Allah preserve him) said,
“Hajj is a worship of love (ishiq).
It is a struggle (mujahidda) in itself.
Do not look for excessive ease in it’s rituals.
And if you can not bear these minor hardships (physical or financial) then reconsider your decision of undertaking this journey of passionate worship. “