Category Archives: K. Fiqh

Mosque property use

 
An individual presented few dates in plastic cup (kept with water coolers) in the Prophet’s mosque (Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him).

 Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammed Taqi Usmani (Allah protect & preserve him) inquired,

‘Is this a used plastic cup?’

On receiving a negative response he picked a single date and returned the plastic cup clarifying,

‘It is impermissible to give something that is mosque property to another as a gift.’

Masjid e Nabaawi, exiting Bab Rehmah, after esha, Friday 19 February 2016

Respect for the ‘other side’


Differences of opinion within madhahib (fiqhi schools) is well established reality.

Scholars (fiqaha)have emphatically stated that that there is no proselytizing or censoring of a follower of a different fiqh for doing whatever his fiqh permits (and is impermissible or disliked in our fiqh). These are in the category of wajib and Sunna.

Moreover, differences in peripheral issues (furu) is even more common. These are all in the category of permissible.

In dealing with differences of opinion among scholars the lay individuals do not differentiate between the hierarchy of the categories involved. In addition they start assuming that the ‘other-side’ is ignorant, arrogant or morally corrupt. This is totally wrong.

The habit of forming unsubstantiated assumptions (su-e-dhan) is a spiritual illness.

We have to respect all scholars and fellow Muslims irrespective of our differences. All of them are trying their best to please Allah. They have the best intentions and are trying to the best of their capabilities. Allah will reward them all.

However, in practice we follow the pious ones we love, trust and benefit from.

For a seeker (salik) the involvement in religious polemics is spiritually devastating. It is imperative for his success on this path to consider all others to be superior to himself. And leave all that does not concern him.

May Allah give us the tawfeeq. Amin!

Mawlid clarification 

  
Shaikh Muhammad Alawi al Maliki (Allah have mercy on him) wrote,

‘The night of mawlid (birth of Prophet, Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him) that is considered to be superior to the night of Power (lailat al qadr) is only that very night, centuries ago when the blessed birth actually  occurred. It is not that night which comes every year in the month of Rabi al awal.’

Mafaheem: Urdu translation page 267

Confusing fiqh & sufi practices

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Imam Rabbani Shaikh Ahmed Sirhindi (Allah have mercy on him) wrote,

‘No practice of any Sufi is an argument to decide that which is lawful or unlawful.

(If something is questionable reported about them) Instead of reproaching them we pass over their actions and leave them to the judgement of Allah.

This (determining of what is halal or haram) is a matter in which the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Abu Yousuf or Imam Muhammed should be considered authoritative rather than the practice of Abu Bakr Shibli or Abul Hasan Nuri (Allah have mercy on them all).’

Maktubaat Imam Rabbani ra, volume 1, letter 266

Disputations are nafsani

 

watesmu

Shaykh Sayf ad-Dīn father of Shaykh ‛Abd al-Ḥaqq Muḥaddith Dihlawī (Allah have mercy on them) said,

‘The (polemic) wars which take place on academic issues (differed upon) are solely for the pacification of the self (nafs). They are futile. They result in mutual enmity and hostility. There must be an exchange of views with love and kindness on academic issues (differed upon) . This is because: ‘It is a matter of love. When there is no love, no work can be accomplished.’

From: Shaykh ‛Abd al-Ḥaqq Muḥaddith Dihlawī: By Mawlānā Muḥammad Qamruz ZamānʾIlāhābādī Translated by Mawlānā Mahomed Mahomedy

Hajj: Common mistakes

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  1. Not having the knowledge about the basic fiqh (rulings) of Hajj.

This leads to confusion and major blunders. Some of them if not corrected via consultation with a qualified scholar may lead to Hajj being void.

2. Not asking qualified scholars (mufti) if a mistake is suspected.

Mobile contact of a pious and reliable mufti who is well aware of the rulings of Hajj is essential.

3. Fear of dum (penalty).

Due to the financial burden individuals are afraid to ask a mufti if a mistake is suspected.

It must be clear that dum is there to rectify the mistake and make Hajj acceptable. Compared to the cost of repeating the Hajj next year its cost is minimal.

4. A very commonly observed gaffe is that individuals label themselves as travelers (musafir) and then leave all the Sunna and nafil worships (‘ibadah).  In fact, in this once a lifetime journey, one should try to reap maximum benefit of the stay in the boundaries of Haram al sharif, where one good action is rewarded hundred thousand times.

This does not mean that if they are technically musafir they are exempted from qasr of fardh salah.

Sheikh Dr Hafeezullah Sukkharwi (Allah have mercy on him) recommended that one performs extra recitations (in addition to his routine wird) and salah tu Tasbih everyday in the five days of Hajj.

5. Wasting time in useless activities.

Some are busy shopping for the gifts for their loved ones back home.

Yuppies are busy posting selfies of each and every movement on twitter or Facebook.

Others are searching for their next door neighbor from back home or close relative.

The religious minded are arguing the issues of following a madhab or not.

Those associated with Tasawwuf & islah are rushing to visit the lectures and halqa e dhikr of each and every sheikh and scholar present.

Verbally we claim presence before Allah,

talbiyah

However, in reality we are absent.

Tasawwuf: Types

Shaikh Wahba al Zuhayli (Allah have mercy on him) a senior Syrian scholar and one of the best friends of sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah protect and preserve him) recently passed away. May Allah forgive him, raise his status manifolds in hereafter and give sabr e jameel to all his admirers. Amin!

Shaikh Zuhayli (Allah have mercy on him) clarified:

“There are two types of Sufism: praiseworthy Sufism and blameworthy Sufism.

The praised is that which is in agreement with the Qur’an and sunnah. It means the healing of the soul and excellence in directing oneself to God as well as connecting with God which cannot happen without litanies based in the Qur’an and the example of the Prophet Muhammad.

The blamed is that which is in excess of this with its formalities and exaggerations such as the drum and the horn – which fall under deviant innovations. This is what (classical) Islamic legal scholars such as al-Qurtubi stated and it is also my position.

With deep regret, drums and horns have entered into our mosques during mawlid ceremonies, and this is what many scholars had called deviant and without sound foundation (in Islamic law), and this is my position. I love the people of Sufism who are moderate, those who are committed to the Qur’an and sunnah; and I hate (the Sufism) of heretical innovations and that which is alien to Islam, this is my methodology.”

Fatwa on Sufism via Wikipedia

Social interaction: The Principles & applications

A seeker living in USA for his training wrote,

I do not prefer socializing with others. I want to spend my free time at home.  Moreover, in socializing caution has to be taken to make sure that we share the same concepts, are careful with  diet (halal) and observe the segregation of the sexes. For all these reasons our social circle is very limited. This is not a problem for me. However, my wife feels isolated and this issue becomes a source of contention between us. Her suggestion is that we should be more flexible.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah protect and preserve him) replied,

‘I mention some principles in this regards. Keep them in mind.

1. Avoid making your self excessively dry (khushek). And with an intention to please your spouse do whatever is within the limits of being permissible.

2. Do not be pressurized by anyone for things that are overtly impermissible.

3. Be vigilant in finding individuals who relatively share the same thoughts. Socializing with them will decrease the feeling of isolation.

4. Keep the environment at home pleasant. Allocate some time for general talking, laughter and entertainment.

If  even after following all of the above issues  diligently your spouse remains upset than handle it with wisdom. Do not do anything impermissible. However, instead of being upset yourself put off the issue lightheartedly.  Except in cases where showing your being upset is absolutely necessary.’

Islahi Khatoot

Vacation: How to spend it?

how-i-spent-my-summer-vacation

One of our readers, a graduate student, asked,

How should an individual spend his Ramadan and summer vacations ???

1) Going with Tabligi Jammat for 10-15 days

2) Performing eitakaf (seclusion in mosque for the last 10 days of Ramadhan)

3) Studying the translation and tasfir of Quran e Kareem from a scholar

4) Going to a khanqah to learn how to do remembrance of Allah (dhikr)

5) Get training of Jihad in order to be prepared if a need arises.

6) Not going anywhere. The student gives full attention to his studies. He stays at home and does whatever good deeds that are possible for him

Waiting patiently for your answer … as I am so confused regarding these things

—- —— ——- —— —– —– —- —- —- —- —– —- —- —– —– —

The following (edited) response is being shared with intention that it will, inshaAllah, benefits others.

Please, remember that each and every  person is an individual with his unique state of mind, preferneces, working stlyle, emotions, ancestral-cultural-regional-religious heritage, intellectual-educational-experiential aptitude, involvements, duties, obligations, expectations from family etc etc. Therefore, no single activity from the ones you mentioned can suit all. It is for this reason it is recommended to consult an older, experienced and pious person who knows about you in detail to recommend what is best for you.

I am not aware of your present condition in detail so it will be very difficult for me to recommend anything specific. However, I will mention the pros and cons of each and then you can decide.

1) Going with Tabligi Jammat for 10-15 days

This is the best way for individuals who are very new to deen, un- or moderately educated, living in areas without access to scholars and sufi masters.

2) Performing eitakaf

This is for moderate and advanced seekers. These are individual who have disciplined themselves to an extent and can manage their time effectively and benefit from the solitude. Otherwise people just hang around wasting time.

3) Studying the translation and tasfir of Quran e Kareem from a scholar

More important than this is the basic knowledge of aqaid and everyday fiqh. Beliefs and rulings regarding the correct way of offering our worship. Equally important is tajweed of Quran e kareem. That is reading Quran e kareem with the correct pronunciation. It is the Kalam of Allah, it has to be recited in the way it was revealed. Sadly 99% of Pakistani Muslims read it in Urdu. This is a major sin.

A person who has done these three basic things (aqaid, fiqh & tajweed) then he/she can proceed to study of Quran e kareem’s translation and Hadith sahreef.

4) Going to a khanqah to learn how to do remembrance of Allah (dhikr)

This is a misconception. Khanqah are like inpatient medical facilities where those with spiritiual sickness come for treatment. Zikr in specific ways may be a part of the treatment plan. But it is not the sole objective of staying there.

One has to make sure that it is a genuine khanqah. Not a dargah, where saint or grave worship is done. Also, the Shaykh must be competent spiritual physician and not a hereditary parasite trading in the name of his pious ancestors. And the patient himself must be aware of how to seek and follow instructions given to him.

5) Get training of Jihad in order to be prepared if a need arises.

This is the biggest fitna of our era. A major distraction for the youth.

Without jihad e akbar, that is rectifying your inner morals/ikhlaq, jihad e asghar (physical combat) can never be effective.

In the whole Makkan period of the life of our master Prophet Mohammed (Allah bless him and grant him peace) there was no order of physical jihad. Only spiritual struggle was required.

Also, most of the contemporary jihadi groups are with dubious ‘aqaid, fiqh following & politico-economic affiliations.

It is best to avoid all contact with them.

6) Not going anywhere. The student gives full attention to his studies. He stays at home and does whatever good deeds that are possible for him

This is is the best option. Provided that you use your time effectively and do not waste it, especially on internet, TV, and other impermissible (haram) activities.

Such a person should remain in contact with a spiritual mentor and get advice from him regarding how to spend his time.

was salam

“The Rules of Ramadan” by Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani (ra) – PDF available for download

ramadan2015

The Rules of Ramadan, a translation of أحكام رمضان authored by Mufti Muhammad Shafi Usmani (ra).

Translated by Shaykh Muhammad ibn Harun Abasoomar (db).

In this concise booklet the Honourable Muftī Muhammad Shafi Sahib (r.a.) has outlined the very basic rules of the blessed month of Ramadān.

These rules are undoubtedly very pertinent and important. It is hoped that the reader studies this booklet prior to and during the blessed month of Ramadān.

From: at-Tahawi

Etiquettes of writing a islahi letter 

 

A spiritual aspirant missed writing bismillah (In the name of Allah)  at the beginning of his islahi letter.

Sayyidi wa sanadi Mufti Mohammad Taqi Usmani (Allah preserve him) corrected him,

‘Write Bismillah at the beginning of the letter or 786 (when without wudhu) and recite bismillah.’

Islahi khutoot

* bismillah is a verse of Holy Quran. It must not be touched without being in state of wudhu

Islah: clarification needed

(null)

An individual send the following email,

Salaams,I find myself in a very dark and low position. I’ve been married for the past 17 years and have 4 children. Last year august I gave my wife a talaq and been living on my own. I have had an “affair” with another woman for the past 7 years and only came to light in the past 2 years.

My wife still want to get back together but I must leave the other woman. The other lady is pregnant and I can’t just leave her and I do love her. This is just my story in short as a lot had happened and I need advice how to go about this all. Please Islamically what am I suppose to do?
Shukran,
was salaam.

The reply sent,

Bismillah

As salamu alaykum wrwb

JazakAllah

It is essential to know what is the purpose of contacting me. Is it the islah of the detrimental morals/ikhlaq that led you to this or it is fiqhi question regarding remarriage with your first wife?

Please, clarify this.

I’m not a mufti or a scholar. I only deal with islahi issues.

Was Salam

Muhtaj e dua

Fasts in al-Muharram

Masjid Nabawi SAW - 7

The blessed Companion Hazrat Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that he (the Messenger of Allah – Allah bless him and grant him peace) was asked as to which prayer was most excellent after the prescribed prayer, and which fast was most excellent after the month of Ramadan. He said:
“The most excellent fast after Ramadan is God’s month. al-Muharram, and the most excellent prayer after what is prescribed is prayer during the night.”

Sahih Muslim